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The role of the U.S. Capitol

The U.S. Capitol is the seat of the U.S. Congress, located in the U.S. capital Washington – District of Columbia (Washington.DC). Americans call the Capitol the Capitol (also called Congressbuilding), and regard it as the highest symbol of government by the people, by the people, and for the people. The foundation stone of the Capitol Building was laid by President Washington on September 18, 1793, and it was put into use in 1800.

It was burned by the British during the Second American-British War in 1814, and some buildings were destroyed. Later, the Senate and House of Representatives meeting rooms, the dome and the rotunda were added, and were remodeled and expanded many times.


The Capitol is located on the 25-meter-high Capitol Hill in Washington and is the heart of the United States. The Capitol was built from 1793 to 1800, and like many important buildings in Washington, it was not spared the damage of the Anglo-American War of 1814.

After the post-war reconstruction, over the past century, the Capitol has undergone several expansions, including the massive reconstruction project from 1851 to 1867, and finally formed the current pattern. The Capitol is a three-story building with a total length of 233 meters. It is mainly made of white marble. There is a three-story dome with a high rate of exposure on the central top floor. Above the dome stands a 6-meter-high bronze statue of the Statue of Liberty. statue. The north and south wings on both sides of the big dome are the offices of the House of Representatives and the Senate.

The chamber of the House of Representatives is where the President of the United States delivers his annual State of the Union address. During the War of Independence, when the American bourgeoisie got rid of the colonial system, it tried to get rid of the European architectural style “colonial style” adopted before independence, and the United States did not have a long tradition, so it could only use the classical architecture of Greece and Rome to express “democracy”. , “Freedom” and “Glorious Independence”. Therefore, the classical revival was very popular in the United States, especially the Roman revival. The U.S. Capitol Building is a typical example of the Roman revival. It is modeled on the Pantheon in Paris.

The large lawn to the east of the Capitol is where the inauguration ceremonies of successive presidents have been held.

Standing on the big lawn, the column-style porch under the dome of the Capitol is magnificent. The three bronze “Columbus Gates” in the porch are of heavy texture. They are carved with reliefs of Columbus’ discovery of the New World. Rotunda of the Capitol. In the Rotunda, a microcosm of American politics can be seen.

There are 8 oil paintings recording the history of the United States on the four walls of the rotunda, and on the 55-meter-high dome, there are large paintings by the 19th-century Italian painter Brumidi and his students. The center of the picture is Washington, the founding president of the United States, Washington The goddess of victory and the goddess of liberty are on the sides, and the other 13 goddesses in the picture represent the 13 states that were first established in the United States.

Each of the outstanding presidential stone sculptures in the hall is an era. There is also a special statue hall on the south side of the rotunda, which houses the famous statues of the 50 states in the United States, which are a symbol of American cohesion.

Architectural landscape

Capitol Building The office building of the United States Congress, built on a 28-meter-high Capitol Hill. In 1793, Washington himself laid the foundation stone for the building. After the outbreak of the Civil War, some people proposed to stop the construction of the building, but President Lincoln insisted on building the dome. The dome of the Capitol has become the best backdrop for American political news coverage on television, and inside the dome is a resplendent hall that can accommodate two or three thousand people.

The central rotunda is the heart of the Capitol. The magnificent and exquisite murals and sculptures of historical figures are the focus of the visit. On the circular wall, there are 8 large oil paintings, which record 8 major events in American history in two stages. The picture on the center of the top of its central hall – “Apotheosis of Washington” (Apotheosis of Washington) is from the Italian painter Constantine Bloomidi.

On the south side of the central rotunda, there is a hall surrounded by statues of various figures. One of them is a life-size statue of Lincoln carved from pure dolomite. The north wing of the building is the Senate, and the south wing is the House of Representatives. Both houses have small conference halls and many large and small rooms. In addition, there is the Statue Hall, which contains dozens of giant statues of successive US state legislators. Surrounded by lawns and woods, the white Capitol looks like an ivory carving placed on a green velvet blanket.

The main purpose

Congress, the highest legislative body of the United States, consists of the Senate and the House of Representatives. Senators are directly elected by voters in each state, with two from each state, and the principle of equal representation of states is implemented. There are currently 100 members. Senators serve six-year terms, with one-third re-elected every two years.

The number of members of the House of Representatives is distributed in proportion to the population of each state, with at least one in each state. The total number of members of the House of Representatives is fixed at 435, and the distribution of seats among the states is readjusted based on population changes provided by the Federal Bureau of Commerce Statistics every 10 years. Members of the House of Representatives are directly elected for a two-year term and are eligible for re-election.

Congress exercises legislative power, and bills are passed to the president for signature after being passed by both houses; if the president does not veto it, or if it is vetoed but re-approved by two-thirds of the members of both houses, it will officially become a law. Congress meets 90 days a year to discuss and deliberate 2,500 bills, but only about 600 can be passed. As an important landmark of the United States, the Capitol has gone through a difficult and tortuous road with the United States.

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