October 24, 1945: The Charter of the United Nations enters into force
The Charter of the United Nations is the basic law of the United Nations. It not only establishes the purposes, principles and organizational structure of the United Nations, but also stipulates the responsibilities, rights and obligations of member states, as well as the basic principles and principles for handling international relations and maintaining world peace and security. method.
The Charter of the United Nations is divided into 19 chapters and 111 articles, except for the preamble and conclusion. The Statute of the International Court of Justice is an integral part of the Charter of the United Nations. The Charter of the United Nations was signed at the San Francisco Conference on June 26, 1945, and entered into force on October 24, 1945.
The Charter of the United Nations is divided into 19 chapters and 111 articles. It expresses the determination to save mankind from the scourge of war, and stipulates the purposes, principles, rights, obligations and terms of reference of the main organs of the United Nations. The Charter stipulates that the purposes of the United Nations are “maintaining international peace and security”, “suppressing acts of aggression”, “developing international friendly relations based on respect for the principle of equal rights and self-determination of all peoples” and “promoting international cooperation”.
It also stipulates that The United Nations and its member states should abide by the principles of the sovereign equality of all countries, the peaceful settlement of international disputes by all countries, the non-use of force or threat of force in international relations, and the prohibition of the United Nations from interfering in the internal affairs of countries.