Beliefs Behind Indian Cremation Ceremony To the record of burning 35,000 bodies per year on the banks of the Ganges River
For the Indians, the rivers that flow in the Indian subcontinent are associated with life from birth to death and their number is numerous. brahmaputra river (Brahmaputra) , River Godavari (Godavari) , River Yamuna ( Yamuna) and River Ganges (Ganges) , etc.
The Ganges River will be a special and important river because it is the river of heaven, the ladder linking the world and the return to heaven as it appears. This is the last request or order to lie down and die on the bank of the Ganges River.
If it wasn’t as he had hoped, the bone, which belonged to the body, had been floated into the Ganges to take away all sins before being returned to heaven according to that belief. especially the Ganges River that flows through Varanasi. Uttar Pradesh of this only
It is said that the number of corpses carried 24 hours a day has made Varanasi, the former capital of the ancient Gazi region, to be dubbed the “King of the Holy Land”. “City of Light” because the light from the cremation that has been lit continuously for more than 5,000 years until the present, causing the city to be known as the “City of Light”. “City of the Dead”
The clear testimony is that of the paupers, the vassals, the beggars, or those who do not even have food to sustain their lives. The villagers are broken A man who doesn’t even have a roof to protect him from the sun. Rain and cold homeless person sleeping until the sage brahmins are called graduates or a great Brahmin who is worshiped by people of all castes The great king, the rich man, the rich man who had a lot of money and spent his life with his male and female slaves. including Brahmadatta Like all of the aforementioned people, Maharaj, the ruler of Varanasi, uses the banks of the Ganges as a crematorium, and each year no less than 35,000 corpses share this place.
The cremation ceremony on the banks of the Ganges is an open ceremony with two slaughter (cremation poses) performed. Manikarnika Ghat and Harissant Ghat (Haishchandra Ghat).
Starting from before the last breath leaves the deceased, there will be an important ceremony for the deceased, especially called Godan, meaning making merit to the cow and Vaitarni.
for the ritual The head of the deceased is shaved, hence the name Chhourkarma, by bringing a black bull beside the deceased person. Brahmins will make a ring made of Kusha grass, wear it on the ring finger of the deceased and pray.
At that moment the deceased would throw rice, sesame, barley, etc. at the cow. After completing the preliminary ceremony, the Dakshina ceremony was performed for the Brahmins who came to perform the ceremony. The meaning of the ceremony to make the ox as a symbol of holiness is considered Shiva’s means of travel, doing so would eliminate sin.
Vaitarni is a ritual believed in legend as the name of a river that leads the deceased to the underworld (Yamaloka), so the deceased holds the tail of a black oxen in his right hand, while a brahmin. will throw rice, flowers, sesame, barley, etc., while praying and laying the dying body on a mat made of Kusa grass and offering Lord Vishwanath’s holy water; and of Kala Bhairava to drink
After drinking, he enters Moksa before dying. or sometimes to drink water from the Ganges because it is believed that it can cleanse the sins that have been done to purify and will give a leaf of Tulsi (Basil) because it is believed to lead the deceased to Vishnuloka (the residence of Lord Vishnu) of the angels).
When both rituals were completed His last breath took his body. and spirit apart The family will manage the funeral, starting with the head of the deceased to the north. Relatives would wrap their bodies in colored cloth for women, while men would use white cloth and put their bodies on seven bamboo poles without a coffin, put a wreath of marigolds, and walked along the streets or tied them up as a car.
Relatives of the deceased hire others to carry them or help them to the crematorium and say prayers along the way: “Ram Nam Satya Hai” (Ram Nam Satya Hai) means the name of the only Lord Rama. truth Everything else is dead (The name of Ram is truth) . When a corpse is killed, the funeral manager in Thai is called an undertaker, for Hindus it is Dom Raja.
It is considered the most important person for the ceremony as it preserves the sacred fire caused by the legend of Kalu Dom, the servant of the King of Harishchandra of the Sur dynasty. Ya Which was bestowed the position of setting fire for cremation to Kalu Dom. The belief at that time has been passed down to the present.
Those wishing to use the fire had to pay for the Dom Raja. Currently, Dom Raja is under the care of the Choudhary Brahmin caste. that the fire received from the Dome Raja (Dom Raja) would also put the deceased into Moksha in another way.
before the cremation ceremony begins The corpses of the deceased upon arrival will be immersed in the Ganges once more. Officers will bring a pile of firewood, mostly mango wood, which has been prepared and set up on plaster, and then put the corpse on it.
The fire ritual performed by Dom Raja performs the chanting of Karma kandi and walks three rounds around the pyre, along with sandalwood, oil, barley, sesame, etc., put into the firewood.
There are currently two ceremonies: 1. Dasang ceremony and 2. Astagandha ceremony. In the tasang ceremony, ten things are given: barley, sesame, rice flour, and oil. , Bhojanbhatta and Panchamewa are 5 kinds of dried fruit, which are put into the firewood for dedication to the deceased. The dedication of this ceremony to the deceased does not take a definite form at the relative’s discretion at the final funeral.
When all is well done, the Dome Raja (Dom Raja) will burn the mouth of the deceased first and the entire firewood area so that the Holy Fire serves to purify the deceased one last time, then his relatives. Of the deceased, only males will be able to attend the ceremony. Shraddha is the worship of the ancestor’s spirit with pindas (cooked rice lumps) so that the deceased does not have to be a ghost wandering.
After receiving the rice, he will be able to rest in peace with his ancestor’s spirit. If he is a son, he will save his father from Khun Hell named “Putta”. This ceremony will begin on the first day when someone dies, before cremation 11th from the date of death will have a big ceremony where both male and female relatives of the father and mother line up to 3 generations must attend the ceremony
These relatives are called “Sabin”, which means “Join Khao Bin”, after which the ceremonies are held once a month, forever. and then change it once a year If the ceremony is complete, the utensils must be discarded in the river or the base of the Bodhi tree.
The cremation ceremony on the banks of the Ganges River is therefore considered a ploy for students to attain the Dharma as well as Santi Techakarakul ( Following the Buddha’s Footprint , 2006: pp. 274-275) compiled that
“Everyone, young and old, the bully, the sage, the rich and the needy. They all had death in front of them. All kinds of clay vessels that the potter has made, both small and large. both cooked and raw Just as they all have the greatest disintegration So is the life of all animals.”