What are the traditional Japanese culture?
There are famous “three ways” in Japan, that is, the Japanese folk tea ceremony, ikebana and calligraphy.
The tea ceremony is also used as tea soup (taste tea meeting), and it has been extremely loved by the upper class as a kind of aesthetic ritual since ancient times. The tea ceremony is a unique tea-drinking ceremony and social etiquette. The tea ceremony in Japan was first introduced to Japan during the Zhenguan period of the Tang Dynasty in China. The Japanese people say that “China is the hometown of the Japanese tea ceremony.” The Japanese tea ceremony is somewhat similar to Chinese Chaoshan Gongfu tea.
Ikebana was born as a technique for reproducing flowers blooming in the wild in a tea room. There are more than 20 schools of ikebana due to differences in the rules and methods of the exhibition. There are also many schools in Japan that teach the techniques of each genre of ikebana. In addition, you can enjoy beautifully decorated flower arrangements in various places such as hotels and department stores. Taboo lotus, think lotus is funeral flower. Avoid using camellia, chrysanthemum is a symbol of the royal family.
Calligraphy, when it comes to calligraphy, I believe many people will think that it is a unique art in China. In fact, calligraphy is not only popular in Japan, it is also one of the ways for people to cultivate themselves. Ancient Japanese called calligraphy “Irikido” or “Bidao”. The term “shudao” did not appear until the Edo period (seventeenth century). In Japan, the popular calligraphy for writing Chinese characters with a brush should be after Buddhism was introduced. Monks and Buddhists imitated China and copied scriptures with a brush.
Sumo comes from the religious rituals of Japanese Shinto. During the Nara and Heian periods, sumo was a kind of court viewing sport, but during the Kamakura Sengoku period, sumo became a part of samurai training. Professional sumo wrestling emerged in the 18th century, which is very similar to sumo wrestling. Shinto rituals emphasize sumo wrestling. The purpose of the stomping ritual (look around) before the game is to drive away evil spirits in the arena and at the same time relax the muscles. Salt should be sprinkled on the site to achieve the purpose of purification. Once a sumo wrestler reaches yokozuna, it can be said that he stands at the apex of the Japanese sumo world and will have the supreme glory of life.
Kimono is the name of traditional Japanese national costume. It is also called “zhewu” in Japan. The kimono is modeled on the style of Chinese Sui and Tang dynasties and Wufu style, so it is called “Wufu” and “Tangyi” in Japan. Kimono is the Westerner’s name for Wufu. Japanese people have accepted this title, but many sell kimonos. The store still says “Wufu”. From the 8th to the 9th centuries AD, “Tang style” clothing was once popular in Japan. Although there have been changes to form a unique Japanese style in the future, it still contains some characteristics of ancient Chinese costumes. The difference in styles and colors of women’s kimonos is a sign of age and marriage.
Judo has a wide reputation all over the world. The basic principle of Judo is not an attack, but a protection technique that uses the strength of the opponent. The rank of Judo is indicated by the color of the belt (primary: white/advanced: black). Judo is the development of Chinese boxing, which originated from the gate of Shaolin. At the end of the Ming Dynasty, Chen Yuanzan, a Chinese martial arts master, passed Chinese traditional martial arts to Fusang (the present version), which became the precedent of judo in the modern world.
Kendo refers to the Japanese fencing sport derived from the important martial arts swordsmanship of the samurai. Competitors wear special protective gear and use a bamboo knife to pierce each other’s head, body and fingertips in accordance with strict rules.
Karate is a combination of ancient fighting techniques from five hundred years ago and boxing techniques introduced from China to Japan. Karate does not use any weapons, only fists and feet. Compared with other fighting sports, karate is a form of exercise with practical significance.
Noh is a traditional Japanese drama and one of the oldest existing dramas in the world. Noh is derived from ancient dance theater forms and various festival plays held in shrines and temples in Japan in the 12th or 13th century. “Energy” has the meaning of talent or skill. The actor hints at the essence of the story through facial expressions and body movements, rather than expressing it. This drama still has a tenacious vitality in Japan.