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The four famous universities in Beijing at the beginning of the Republic of China

People nowadays admire the period of the Republic of China very much, believing that people in the period of the Republic of China pursued academic freedom, the surrounding academic environment is relaxed, and there are many masters. Compared with the present, many more people shouted that the university is dead. So do you know the four famous universities in Peking in the early years of the Republic of China? Let’s take a look together now!

1. Beijing University

At the time of the Reform Movement of 1898, Beijing established the Jingshi University Hall. In 1912, the diplomatic difficulties of the Qing Dynasty finally fell. However, at this time, the Jingshi University Hall is no longer what it used to be, but it can no longer be called Jingshi University Hall. It has a new name “Peking University”, Yan Fu became the first president.

Peking University, the most prosperous stage has such a few stages, one is that Cai Yuanpei served as the president of Peking University in 1916 as the National Government, until the eve of Zhang Zuolin’s arrival in Beijing in 1927, almost 10 years, talents, famous professors gathered, it can be described as a generation. Style of study. The second glorious period was when Jiang Menglin presided over Peking University in 1930. At this stage, a group of mediocre professors was eliminated and many talents were introduced.

2. Yenching University

Yenching University is a missionary university. It began to be organized in 1919. It was first in Chuanban Hutong in Chongwenmen. The original site of this place was completely demolished when the Beijing Railway Station was built in 1959. Yenching is very distinctive. It is jointly organized by several churches, such as the American Presbyterian Church, the American-Israeli American Church, the Congregational Church, the American Women’s Association, and the London Society of England. At that time, Yenching University, not to mention being in China, was also one of the universities with the most modern teaching, the highest quality of education, the most complete equipment, and the most beautiful campus in the world.

3. Tsinghua University

Boxer’s indemnity, China paid the United States more than 32 million taels of silver, equivalent to more than 24 million U.S. dollars. Later, the United States refunded 30% of the Boxer’s indemnity, specifying that the refunded funds can only be used for education. In the spring of 1911, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Faculty of Education organized the “Tsinghua Preparatory School for Studying in the United States” in Tsinghua Park in the western suburbs, and selected talents to study in the United States.

Tsinghua University is not the science and engineering Tsinghua that we remembered later, but both liberal arts and sciences. Tsinghua’s education system at that time was more based on Europe and the United States, so it was a relatively new university at that time. The reason why many people chose Tsinghua was that Tsinghua had more Vigorous.

4. Fu Jen Catholic University

In 1925, Ying Lianzhi and Ma Xiangbo (the first president of Fudan University) proposed to the Holy See and the American Catholic Benedictine to establish the Fu Ren Society of Beijing Catholic University. In 1927, the Chinese government approved the filing and the school was renamed as a private Beijing Fu Jen Catholic University. The site of Fu Jen Catholic University was in Zaitao Mansion, Qing Bei Le, and was leased permanently at that time for US$160,000.

The school is managed by separate campuses for men and women. The boys’ department is in Zaitao Baylor’s residence, while the women’s college is in Prince Gong’s residence. The new building of Fu Jen Catholic University was completed in 1930. It was designed by a Belgian architect in a palace-like architecture combining Chinese and Western styles. The main entrance of the main building is a large white marble arch.

There are two courtyards surrounded by surrounding buildings and a middle building, three Xieshan-style roofs, a cross in the middle of the roof, and four corners with Xieshan-style turrets, which are magnificent. The buildings of Fu Jen Catholic University, the buildings of Yenching University and the buildings of Peking Union Medical College are called the three major buildings of Peking.

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