Introduction to the Church of San Carlo
The contour of the facade of the San Carlo church building is wavy, with a bulge in the middle. The basic composition is the classical column style of the Renaissance style, that is, columns, eaves and frontal walls are curved on the plane and the outer contour, and added at the same time Some deformed architectural elements, such as deformed windows, niches, and oval discs.
The interior lobby of the church is a tortoiseshell-shaped plane. The dome on the vertical arch is oval. There is a daylight window in the center of the top. There are hexagonal, octagonal and cross-shaped lattices on the inner surface of the dome, which has a strong three-dimensional effect. The same is true for other spaces in the room, with a strong sense of flow and three-dimensionality in shape and decoration.
Since the 1730s, the wealth of the Italian church has increased day by day, and various dioceses have built their own Baroque churches. Because of its small scale, it is not suitable to use the Latin cross-shaped plane, so it is mostly changed to a single space hall such as a circle, an ellipse, a plum blossom, and a round-petal cross, and a large number of curved surfaces are used in the modeling.
The church of San Carlo in Rome is a typical example, designed by Boromini. Its hall is approximately olive-shaped, with some irregular small prayer rooms around it; in addition, there are living courtyards. The plan and ceiling decoration of the palace emphasizes the dynamic curve, the façade mountain flowers are disconnected, the eaves are horizontally curved, the wall is highly concave and convex, the decoration is rich, and there is a strong light and shadow effect. Although the design technique is proficient, it is inevitable that there is a sense of artificiality.
After the middle of the 17th century, Baroque churches were all the rage in Italy, many of which were novel and original works, but there were also buildings with poor techniques and over-stacking.
Borromini (full name: Francesco Borromini, 1599～1667) was a famous Italian Baroque architect. Contrary to the confident and cheerful Bernini, he was surly and gloomy, and finally committed suicide.
The San Carlo Church is the first important building he designed, using many unique new architectural vocabulary. For example, its facade is not a flat surface, but a wavy, concave and convex curved surface, which seems to be squeezed and deformed at any time.
This is also a kind of architecture combined with sculptural techniques, which treats the entire church as a statue, and has been boldly treated in its design. At that time, a church administrator said that this creation made the architects a great reputation. People from France, Germany, Spain and other countries came to learn and imitate. This type of system began to spread in the second half of the seventeenth century.
Works: Church of San Carlo, Church of St. Eve, Church of St. Agnes
Baroque architecture is an architectural and decorative style developed on the basis of Italian Renaissance architecture in the 17th and 18th centuries. It is characterized by freedom of appearance, pursuit of dynamics, and preference for rich decoration, carvings and strong colors. It often uses interspersed curved surfaces and oval spaces to express free thoughts and create a mysterious atmosphere.
Origin of the name
The word Baroque is derived from the “transformed pearl” (—barroco) in Spanish and Portuguese.
As an adjective, this word has the meaning of “vulgar messy”. Europeans originally used this term to refer to “works lacking the balanced characteristics of classicism.” It was originally a derogatory term used by people who admired classical art in the 18th century, which was different from the Renaissance style in the 17th century. Today, the term has lost its originality. Some derogatory meanings only refer to an artistic style popular in Europe in the 17th century.
Baroque architecture is an aspect of European Baroque art style in the 17th and early 18th centuries. It originated in Rome, Italy in the 17th century, and then spread to Germany, Austria, France, England, Spain, and the colonies of Latin America.
Etymologically speaking, Baroque is synonymous with all messy, strange, irregular, and decorative. And the architecture of this period did reflect this. It can shock users of churches and mansions with its intuitive appeal, and this is the intention of the Catholic Church (to allow more pagans to convert).