A masterpiece of Byzantine architecture
Hagia Sophia is also translated as “Saint Sophia” in Greek. It means sacred wisdom. The Basilica of the Holy Wisdom means God’s wisdom. It was built during the Byzantine period in the 41st century AD. The Byzantine history of the region has been around 1,500 years ago. Years of history. This building stands in the center of Istanbul and was once known as the eighth wonder of the world. The interior of the church has gone through hardships and has been reborn several times. The architectural masterpiece with a dry year history must have a complex and heavy background, the Hagia Sophia This is such a famous ancient building, its long history is full of wars, fires, blood and civilization, and even roars from underground.
In 330, Constantine the Great of the Eastern Roman Empire announced that he would move his capital to Byzantium and renamed it Constantinople. At that time, a wooden Christian church was built on this land. Due to its weak earthquake resistance, the church was destroyed by a ground exhibition not long after it was built.
In 360, a church was re-established here, known as “Macgallo Eclesia”, which means cathedral. Unfortunately, it was buried in a fire in 404. During the reign of Theodosius II, he ordered the reconstruction of the church on the original site. In 415, the church was built and opened to the public. At that time, people named it after “Sophia the Holy of Wisdom”. In 532, the peasants of Nika set off a vigorous uprising, and the church was once again torch.
After the succession of Justinian I, he decided to build a huge new church here. He proposed that the building should not only be magnificent and magnificent, but also be earthquake-resistant and fire-resistant. This arduous task was entrusted to the two prestigious architects Ossemin and Istoros, and the emperor himself expressed his willingness to guarantee all construction needs with imperial power.
At that time, Constantinople gathered the country’s best masons and masons, the country’s best marble materials, and even the eight red porphyry stone pillars of the Ephesdian Temple were demolished here. More than 100 architects and 10,000 craftsmen worked day and night for 5 years, 11 months and 10 days, and finally built a splendid Byzantine cathedral in 537, which is still named Hagia Sophia.
However, this land is cursed, and accidents continue to occur. In 559, the Hagia Sophia was hit by an earthquake again. The architect Isdoros repaired it. He lifted the dome where he was staying by 6.25 meters and built front buttresses to support the main pier. In 869 and 889, the church was severely damaged in two earthquakes and reopened after major repairs in 994. From the 12th to 14th centuries, during the Western Roman invasions and frequent earthquake disasters, the cathedral became scarred and devastated, and even a bronze gate was taken away by the invaders as a big golden gate.
In 1453, the Byzantine Empire was about to perish, and the newly emerged Ottoman Empire was during the reign of Mohammed II. The 21-year-old young emperor commanded the army to break the fortified defenses of Constantinople by means of “towing the boat on land”. When the Byzantine Empire was ended without any suspense, the new owner changed Constantinople to Istanbul, and at the same time ordered the Catholic Hagia Sophia to be converted into a mosque.
Responsible for the reconstruction project is Mimar, the architect of the Ottoman Empire. In Sinan, under the instruction of Mohammed II, he ordered people to remove the altars, Christian icons and relics from the church, and painted all the frescoes, and then built a Quran reading platform inside and built on the original building structure. Many elements of Ottoman style have been added to it.