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Features of Romanesque Architecture

Romanesque architecture can be seen almost everywhere in Europe, and each has its own characteristics and local flavor. If you want to find a series of obvious features of Romanesque architecture from such a colorful architectural world, you must first find their commonalities, that is, the characteristics and styles of Romanesque architecture. Let’s take a look with the editor. !

Features of Romanesque Architecture

The first point is that the basic model of Romanesque architecture is the church, just as the temple was to ancient Greek art. In those days of strong religious belief, it was only natural that the church would be the main building, and the church was the richest, most learned, best equipped, and ubiquitous institution of its time.

The second point is the technical treatment. The design and construction of Romanesque buildings are dominated by vaults, and the curvilinear structure of stone is used to cover the space.

Third, the aesthetic point of view of Romanesque architecture is that the buildings are huge and complex, emphasizing the chiaroscuro method (letting the light to shine through the small holes like the morning stars), but the decoration of the buildings is simple and crude.

The fourth point is that art forms have a primary and secondary relationship: architecture occupies a dominant position, while other artistic activities, such as painting, sculpture, mosaic art, etc., occupy a subordinate position.

The third and fourth points have become the most obvious features of understanding the architecture at that time, and the most critical and special is the roof of the building. From the characteristics of the roof, the medieval craftsmen and workers created an architectural system, or Say, they created a style. The Romanesque semicircular arch structure is deeply influenced by the Christian cosmology. Romanesque churches have adopted this structure on the windows, doors, and arcades, and even the roof is a low dome. In this way, the whole building makes us feel that the dome-shaped sky is closely integrated with the earth on the one hand, and at the same time, it is separated from the real earth in the form of upward bulge.

Buttresses and rib arches are often used in Roman architecture to balance the lateral thrust of the vault. Another innovation in Roman architecture is the incorporation of bell towers into church buildings. From this time on, the clock tower is the most prominent building in the West, both in towns and villages. The bell tower is built to call believers to worship in a realistic sense, but it is often used as a watchtower during frequent wars; when the lingering bells emanate from the top of the high tower, why don’t people feel that God is there? What about calling?

The windows of Romanesque buildings are small and high above the ground, with little lighting and dim light inside, making them appear mysterious and otherworldly. Above the doors and windows are semicircles. In terms of artistic style, the Romanesque church occupies a large space in the hall, with a wide horizontal hall and a deep nave, forming a cross shape in appearance.

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