William L. Shirer (1904-1993)
Born: February 23, 1904, Chicago, Illinois, United States
Died: December 28, 1993, Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Spouse: Martha Pelton (m. 1972–1975), Theresa Stiberitz (m. 1931–1970), Irina Lugovskaya (m. ?–1993)
Movies: The Magic Face, Here Is Germany
Children: Inga Shirer, Linda Shirer
William Lawrence Shirer was an American journalist and war correspondent. He wrote The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich, a history of Nazi Germany that has been read by many and cited in scholarly works for more than 50 years. Wikipedia
American writer, journalist, historian. Worked in well-known media such as “Chicago Tribune”, “Herald Tribune”, Global News Service, CBS. He worked and lived in Europe for more than ten years, witnessing the whole process of the rise and decline of Nazi Germany. After the war, Shayle combined personal experience and a large number of original archives of the Third Reich to create more than ten historical works such as “The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich: The History of Nazi Germany”, “Diary of Berlin” and “The Collapse of the Third Republic”.
The main chronology of William Schailler:
Born in Chicago, USA in 1904.
In 1925, 21-year-old William Schaile came to Europe by working on a ship carrying livestock, and has been staying for 15 years since then.
In 1925, he became a European correspondent for the Chicago Tribune, covering events in Europe, the Near East, and India. Become a friend of Gandhi in India.
In 1933, it began to report on Nazi Germany, including the return of Saarland to Germany and military operations in the Rhineland.
Lived and worked in Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1940.
In 1934, accepted the invitation of CBS Edward R. Murrow (later the Director of the U.S. News Agency) to become a member of the “Murrow News Team”, and later became the main team of journalists covering World War II. People’s “isolationism” played an important role.
On March 11, 1938, Germany merged with Austria, and Schiller was the only American journalist in Vienna. In order to report exclusive news, he flew from Vienna to Berlin via Berlin and sent a report. This report produced a summary news template commonly used in future news reports, which is still in use today.
On major historical occasions experienced by the Third Reich: “Munich Agreement” was signed; Czechoslovakia and Poland were annexed; Hitler’s speeches and Nuremberg parades were held in Berlin many times before the war; Germany surrendered during World War II, Germany Officials originally ordered all journalists to return to Berlin, but Schailler cleverly escaped surveillance and came to the place where the agreement was signed. He wrote a report at a distance of 50 yards from Hitler, and the German official announcement was issued after 6 hours. .
In 1940, when the situation in Berlin was tense, Schailler learned that Gestapo was giving him the crime of spying, so he left Berlin with his family in December. He recorded events in Nazi Germany every day for five years. These diaries and notes were smuggled out of Germany and later became an important source for his writing of “The Berlin Diary.”
In 1945, he returned to Berlin to report on the Nuremberg trial.
In 1960, “The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich” was published. In the year of publication, 2 million copies were sold in the United States, and it was printed 20 times in the first year.
He has written 17 volumes, 14 non-fiction historical works, and 3 novel works.
Dong Leshan (1924-1999)
Translator, writer, American cultural researcher. He used to be a translator and reviewer of Xinhua News Agency, a teacher at Beijing Second Foreign Language School, a researcher at the American Institute of Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, and a director of the American Department at the Graduate School. The main translations are “The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich: The History of Nazi Germany” (co-translation), “1984”, and “Paris burnt?” “,” Mantra of the West “and so on.
In 1961, Dong Leshan returned to work in Xinhua News Agency and began to work with Li Tianjue, Zheng Qiang, Chen Tingyou, Shen Suru, Li Naixi, Zhou Jiaji, Cheng Qichang, and Zhao Shichuan to translate “The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich: The History of Nazi Germany”, and revised the final Translation.