How many people died in the battle of Nanjing
The Battle of Nanjing, also known as the Battle of Nanjing, was a battle fought by the Chinese army against the Japanese invaders to defend the capital Nanjing after the defeat in the Battle of Songhu. In the twenty-sixth year of the Republic of China (1937), on December 1, the Japanese army base camp issued the “Continental Order No. 8”, ordering the Central China Front Army and the Navy to coordinate, divide the troops into three routes, and capture Nanjing. Chiang Kai-shek appointed Tang Shengzhi as the commander-in-chief of the garrison in the capital and deployed to defend Nanjing.
Due to the disparity between the strength of the enemy and the enemy, the gates of Nanjing were successively captured by the Japanese army, and the defenders resisted and sacrificed countless times. On the 12th, Tang Shengzhi was ordered by Chiang Kai-shek to issue the retreat order for the defenders. Due to the disorderly retreat of the defending troops, most of them stayed in the city and were massacred by the Japanese army, resulting in heavy losses.
On December 13, Nanjing fell, and the Japanese army began the horrific Nanjing Massacre.
The Battle of Nanjing was a very famous battle in the War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression. In terms of scale, the number of people is not as large as that of Songhu Battle; in terms of duration, it is not as many as Hengyang Battle. But in terms of bloodiness, it can be said that it was famous throughout World War II. In the twenty-sixth year of the Republic of China, Japan began to occupy Nanjing. Chiang Kai-shek ordered Tang Zhisheng to be the commander and began to deploy the Nanjing defense battle. The total strength of the National Army participating in the Battle of Nanjing was about 150,000, including the 36th and 88th divisions that had just experienced the Battle of Songhu, plus a teaching corps composed of students from the Military Academy.
Most of them are the remnants of the defeated soldiers of the Songhu Battle, and in fact they are not full. The Japanese troops involved in the war were mainly the Shanghai Expeditionary Army and the Tenth Army, with a strength of about 200,000. During the Battle of Nanjing, the national army insisted on resisting Japan. But in the end, the Battle of Nanjing ended in failure. At that time, the Japanese army was divided into three groups and wanted to conquer Nanjing. Because of the disparity between the strength of the enemy and the enemy, Tang Zhisheng ordered the retreat, and all the defenders began to retreat.
Because of the tenacity of the Chinese military and civilians, the Japanese army suffered great losses, so after the battle, the Japanese army launched the inhumane Nanjing Massacre. The Nanjing Massacre killed more than 300,000 civilians and over 60,000 troops in our country.
As the saying goes, “When a soldier returns his corpse to his horse, he will die in battle”. The duty of a soldier is to die in battle, but at that time the most pitiful people were the civilians. According to the Geneva Convention, fighters on both sides should not attack civilians, but the mad Japanese army carried out a six-week massacre.
Not only that, the Japanese army also carried out large-scale looting of Chinese cultural treasures. After Japan occupied Nanjing, it took more than 30 days to snatch books, documents, antiques and treasures from China to Japan.
Books and documents alone even exceed the 850,000 volumes of the Ueno Imperial Library, the largest library in Japan. It is said that according to Japan’s own post-war statistics, the number of wounded reached 86,000 and the death toll was about 18,000. However, the exact number of casualties in Japan is still controversial. However, all sources put the death toll at less than 20,000.