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Introduction to Peru’s Mineral Resources

The Republic of Peru is located in the west of South America, with a land area of ​​1.285 million square kilometers. It is the third largest country in South America after Brazil and Argentina. Peru is extremely rich in mineral resources, with reserves of silver, copper, lead and gold ranking first, third, fourth and sixth in the world respectively.

Peru is also the fifth largest mining country in the world and the second largest copper producing country in the world, which shows the wealth of Peruvian minerals. The following small series will give you a detailed introduction to the situation of Peru’s mineral resources!

(1) As of 2014, Peru’s proven oil reserves were 683 million barrels, a decrease of 59 million barrels compared with 2013; natural gas was 14.63 trillion cubic feet, a decrease of 0.42 trillion cubic feet compared with 2013; liquid natural gas reserves were 727 million barrels, compared with 2013. A decrease of 149 million barrels in 2013. Oil and natural gas are mainly distributed in the Guayaquil Basin in the northwest, Putumayo Basin in the north, Ucayali Basin and Acre Basin in the middle.

(2) According to statistics in 2006, the coal reserves were 1.1 billion tons, and the coal output in 2014 was 229,000 tons, mainly distributed in the AltoChicama area of ​​La Libertad province in central and western Peru.

(3) Uranium reserves of 100,000 tons are mainly distributed in Macusani-Cruzeiro in Puno Province in the southeast, Cangallo, Nasca and Arequipa in Ayacucho Province in the southwest. .

(4) As of 2013, the proven recoverable copper reserves were 81.6 million tons, mainly distributed in Arequipa, Huancavelica, Junin, Ancash, Lima, Cusco, Tacna, etc. Province. In 2014, copper output was 1.38 million tons.

(5) As of 2013, the reserves of lead were 6.74 million tons and the reserves of zinc were 25.382 million tons, mainly distributed in the east and the Andes Mountains of Junin, Pasco, Ancash, Lima, Huanuco and other provinces in the central and northern parts of the country. between.

(6) As of 2013, silver reserves were 3.955 billion ounces, mainly distributed in the central and southern Andes. According to the report of the National Association of Mining, Petroleum and Energy of Peru, in 2014 Peru produced 121 million ounces of silver, accounting for 14.8% of the world’s total production.

(7) As of 2013, the gold reserves were 89.79 million ounces, and the production in 2014 was about 4.5 million ounces (127,000 kilograms), a year-on-year decrease of 10%. Primary gold is mainly distributed in the provinces of Cajamarca (Yanacocha), Arequipa (Kayoma, Olcopampa, Chapa), and Puno (Santo Domingo, Ananea). ) and the province of San Martin (Bourdibuyo), among others.

(8) Molybdenum output in 2014 was about 17,000 tons, down 5.56% year-on-year. Most of them were porphyry deposits, and most of them came from the by-products of porphyry copper-molybdenum mines, which were found in the three copper ore belts in northern, central and southern Peru. , the southern copper ore belt contains higher molybdenum.

(9) The iron ore reserves were 1.157 billion tons, and the output in 2014 was 7.19 million tons, a year-on-year increase of 8%, mainly distributed in Marcona in Ica Province, Acari in Arequipa Province and the Andes Mountains.

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