Five New Year’s Day Ancient Poems Appreciation
In the minds of ancient Chinese people, Yuan is called “Beginning”, and the beginning of all numbers is called “Yuan”, which means the beginning and the first. Dan, called “day”, “Shuowen Jiezi” thinks that “dan” means “from the sun to see one, one, the earth”, which means that the sun has just risen from the horizon, that is, morning.
“New Year’s Day” means “the day of the beginning”. In the eyes of the ancients, “New Year’s Day” symbolized the beginning of a new year. Since Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty restored the Chinese calendar, the first day of the first lunar month was used as New Year’s Day, which is what we now call “Spring Festival”.
It was not until 1912 that Sun Yat-sen issued the “Promulgation of the Almanac Order by the Provisional President”, which stipulated that January 1 of the solar calendar (Gregorian calendar) was the “New Year”. In 1949, the first plenary session of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference made a resolution: “The People’s Republic of China shall use the AD chronology method”, which is what we call the solar calendar.
In order to distinguish between the two New Years in the lunar calendar and the solar calendar, and since the “Li Chun” in the twenty-four solar terms of the lunar calendar is just before and after the Lunar New Year, the first day of the first month of the lunar calendar is changed to “Spring Festival”, and the first day of the first month of the solar calendar is designated as “New Year’s Day”. “So far, New Year’s Day has become a joyous festival for the people of the whole country.
Although there are some differences in the definition of “New Year’s Day” in ancient and modern times, the festival “New Year’s Day” represents the beautiful vision of the renewal of all things and the beginning of the year. Reading some poems about New Year’s Day, you can feel the “New Year’s Day” in the eyes of ancient poets.
Tian’s New Year’s Day – Tang Meng Haoran
Last night, I fought back to the north, and now I am in the east;
I have been a strong official in my years, and I still worry about agriculture without a salary.
Sang Ye ploughs his father, and the lotus hoe follows the shepherd boy;
The Tian family accounts for the climate, and it is said that this year is rich.
Appreciation : The five-character quatrains written by Tang Dynasty poet Meng Haoran are based on his own personal experience.
The first and last couplets in the poem reflect that ancient Chinese farmers attached great importance to observing astronomical phenomena, and paid attention to the relationship between climate, seasons and agricultural production. These are the experiences they summed up from production practice and have certain scientific value. The two couplets in the middle describe his life in seclusion, revealing his unwillingness to live in seclusion and work hard, indicating that his seclusion in Lumen is only to gain a high reputation and to achieve the purpose of introducing him to an official career.
The first day of the year – Song Wang Anshi
In the sound of firecrackers, one year old is removed, and the spring breeze brings warmth to Tu Su.
Thousands of doors and thousands of households are in the dark, always exchanging new peaches for old symbols.
Appreciation : This poem describes the lively, joyful and moving scene of the renewal of Vientiane on the first day of the New Year, and expresses the author’s thoughts and feelings of political reform.
The first sentence, “One year old is removed by the sound of firecrackers”, sends away the old year and welcomes the new year with the sound of firecrackers. The beginning of the sentence is closely related to the title, rendering the lively and joyful atmosphere of the Spring Festival. The second sentence “spring breeze brings warmth into Tusu” describes people drinking Tusu wine happily in the face of the warm spring breeze.
The third sentence, “Thousands of doors and ten thousand households meet the sun”, writes that the brilliance of the rising sun illuminates thousands of households. The “曈曈” is used to express the splendid scene at sunrise, symbolizing the infinite bright and beautiful future.
The closing sentence “always replace the new peach with the old symbol” not only writes about the folk customs at that time, but also contains the meaning of removing the old and making the new one. “Peach talisman” is a kind of peach wood board painted with statues and hanging on the door to ward off evil spirits. Every year on New Year’s Day, the old peach talisman is removed and replaced with a new peach talisman. “New peach for old symbol” closely echoes the first sentence of sending firecrackers to the old year, vividly expressing the renewal of Vientiane.
New Year’s Day – Don Lu Zhaolin
There is no middle rank among the officials, and the old farmer is not a foreign minister.
People sing the words of young age, and flowers dance in Tang Chun.
The grass is smoked in three paths, and the scenery is moving around.
May it grow like this, and the phenology will be new every year.
Appreciation : This poem comes from the poet Lu Zhaolin, one of the “Four Heroes of the Early Tang Dynasty”. He tells the story of his low official position, but he has not reached the eighth rank, but he still returns to his home to farm and work as a secluded minister. Today, people sing and drink New Year’s wine, and the flowers that bloom early also dance to celebrate the Spring of the Tang Dynasty. The green grass shades the path that my confidant travels to and fro, and the beautiful scenery shocked my neighbors. I hope that life will always be as happy as the first day, and the scenery and scenery are so fresh every year and four seasons.
New Year’s Day – Song Lu You
The night rain dissolves the residual snow, and the morning sun opens up the accumulation of yin.
The peach character is written in pen, and the pepper wine is over the flower.
Appreciation : Made by the poet Lu You in the Southern Song Dynasty, the content is about what happened during the New Year’s Day in ancient times.
The scene described in the poem is: a night of rain melts the remaining snow outside the house, and the early morning sun drives away the continuous hazy weather. Gently writing the couplet while snorting the heat against the pen, taking a sip of the pepper-soaked wine, I found that the newly written flower was already tilted.
Lu You’s poems not only focus on fiery patriotic enthusiasm, but also sympathize with the suffering of the people at that time. The thoughts of worrying about the country and the people are intertwined in his works. For more than 800 years, the people of Shuzhou have missed the great patriotic poet. The Flower Pond is the place where Lu You lived. The waterside pavilions, trees, flowers and plants here are all engraved with poems about the great poet’s concern for the country and the people.
New Year – Tang Chengwen’s
Dai Xing held Zhu Yao first, and the mirror was shocked by the frost on his temples.
Luckily, he was secretly laughing in front of the lamp, so Tu Su should not try it first.
Appreciation : In the poem “New Year’s Day” written by Cheng Wenyuan, a poet in the Tang Dynasty, “Dai Xing” means wearing a constellation, which is a metaphor for returning late or leaving early. “Jian”, that is, wine cup, can be used for drinking solution.
“Tu Su” is a multi-flavored medicinal wine specially drunk on the first day of the year. The ancients believed that drinking this wine could prevent diseases and eliminate disasters. There is a rule for drinking this wine, the old and the young cannot drink it at the same time, but come from the youngest in order. Because according to the understanding of the ancients, every New Year, although everyone has to increase their lifespan, in fact, the younger one gains one year, while the older one loses one year. The elderly should drink it later to avoid taboos.
In the poem, “shocked in the mirror” and “secretly laughed”, at first glance, it seems that the writer first saw his own aging and sadness by looking in the mirror while drinking, but after repeated reading, you can feel its uniqueness. The optimistic attitude makes people feel that he is an “old urchin” with a childlike innocence.