What historical allusions does Luoyang Longmen Xiangshan Temple have?
Longmen Xiangshan Temple is located in the West Au of Xiangshan Mountain, 13 kilometers south of Luoyang City, the ancient capital of the thirteen dynasties, close to the Longmen Grottoes. It is separated by a strip of water from the world cultural heritage – the Xishan Grottoes of Longmen Grottoes, across the river, and is connected to the East Mountain Grottoes of Longmen Grottoes and Baiyuan, side by side. Fragrant Hills is named for its abundance of fragrant kudzu. It was built in the first year of Xiping in the Northern Wei Dynasty.
Poetry wins brocade robe
In the Tang Dynasty more than 1300 years ago, Wu Zetian proclaimed the emperor in Luoyang. And in the stone building, there is a thousand-year-old allusion “Xiangshan composes a poem and wins a brocade robe”.
During a spring visit to Xiangshan Temple, Wu Zetian presided over a “Longmen Poetry Meeting”, and the famous “Xiangshan composes poetry and wins brocade robe” came from this.
In the eleventh volume of “Chronicles of Tang Poetry”, there is an interesting description of people in the Song Dynasty: “The Empress Wu traveled to the Dragon Gate and ordered the ministers to compose poems. Before I sit still, I ask the poems and write them later. They are beautiful in both literature and reason, and I can’t help but praise them for being good.
The poetic style of the Tang Dynasty was very prosperous. Wu Zetian gave the winner a golden robe. The prize was not necessarily precious, but it was a rare honor. It was Zuo Shi Dongfangqiu who first wrote the poem: “The spring snow is full of the sky, and the touch is like a flower. I don’t know if the tree in the garden is a real plum.” took him.
At this time, most ministers also wrote poems one after another, which were read in public, and they agreed that Song Zhiwen’s seven-character poems were better than Dongfang Qiu, so Wu Zetian decided to give Song Zhiwen the golden robe. It became a story in the poetry world. The place where this allusion takes place, Shilou, is located in Xiangshan Temple.
Fragrant Hills Nine Elders Association
After “stopping the palace to go to work”, Bai Juyi is more indulgent in the landscape and enjoys the spring stone wind and moon. Because of his admiration for the quietness of Xiangshan Temple, Bai Juyi lived in the temple. He called himself “Xiangshan Lay” and took this place as his final destination. Zhen, Zhang Hun and other 6 people first formed the “Seven Elders of Shangtooth”, and later, Li Yuanshuang, a centenarian, and a 95-year-old Zen master Ruman joined, known as the “Nine Elders of Xiangshan”, who chanted in Xiangshan Temple all day long. In the hall and the forest, he wrote many poems about the Longmen landscape and Xiangshan Temple.
“The empty door is quiet and the old man is idle, accompanied by birds to and fro with the clouds, home brews are full of bottles and books are full, and half of their lives are counted in Fragrant Hills.” The description here is exactly the portrayal of Bai Juyi’s life in his later years.
In order to preserve the manuscripts of the poems, Bai Juyi collected 800 poems from the third year of Yamato (AD 829) to the fifth year of Kaicheng (AD 840), in 12 volumes, named “Bai Shi Luo Zhong Ji”. Inside the Tibetan scripture hall of Xiangshan Temple.
In the sixth year of Huichang (AD 846), Bai Juyi died privately in Ludaoli, Luoyang, and his family complied with his instructions to bury him beside the Ruman Master Pagoda near Xiangshan Temple.
Bai Juyi’s Restoration
After the prosperous Tang Dynasty, after the “An Shi Rebellion”, the Xiangshan Temple gradually declined due to disrepair for a long time. When Bai Juyi was appointed as the Yin of Henan, the Xiangshan Temple was extremely depressed.
In the third year of Emperor Wenzong’s reign in Tang Dynasty (829 AD), Bai Juyi came to Luo to serve as Yin of Henan Province.
In the sixth year of Yamato (AD 832), when his friend Yuan Zhen died, Bai Juyi paid out all the remuneration for Yuan Zhen’s writing of the epitaph. It took more than three months to rebuild the Xiangshan Temple and replace the pavilions and pavilions of the decayed old temple. He got a new look and wrote the article “The Story of Xiuxiangshan Temple”.
Later, in the fifth year of Tang Wenzong’s opening (AD 840), Bai Juyi once again invested in the restoration of the Buddhist scriptures hall, and collected more than 5,000 volumes of Buddhist scriptures and hidden them. The temple and celebrities complement each other. After Bai Juyi rebuilt it, the Xiangshan Temple became famous again, and there was an endless stream of tourists for a while.
There was a scholar in Luoyang Daode, the capital of the Tang Dynasty, who walked to Zhongqiao one evening and met the entourage of nobles, and the chariots and horses were very prosperous. When you see the scholar, call him and have him follow. There is a noble master, who is in his twenties, with a unique beauty, and keeps communicating with scholars. So I went south to Changxia Gate, then I went to Longmen, and entered a mansion, Huatang Lanshi. Summoned the scholar to give him delicious food, so he slept with him.
After midnight, the scholar woke up and saw that all the places where he was lying were grottoes. There was a dead woman in front of her, her body rose up, and the moon shone on it, making it filthy and inaudible. The scholar has been in danger of rock climbing many times, only to get out. When he arrived at Xiangshan Temple in the morning, he told the monks of Xiangshan Temple about this. The monks sent him home, and he passed away a few days later.
Emperor Qianlong’s meal
It is said that when Qianlong dined at Xiangshan Temple, the abbot of the temple learned that the emperor liked to eat sweet and sour cherry meat, so he asked the chef to make “vegetarian cherry meat” with sweet potato vermicelli. Qianlong saw that this dish looked like a cherry, with coke on the outside and fragrant on the inside.