When did the Trojan War happen
The Trojan War occurred during the Mycenaean civilization. The Mycenaean civilization is a relatively developed civilization in the early days of the world. It flourished from the 15th century BC to the 12th century BC, and its most prosperous period was around the 13th century BC.
The creators of this civilization have been proved to be a group of ancient Greeks, but at that time, they did not have the title of “Greeks”, they were called the Akayas. The Akayas migrated from the Balkans to the central and southern parts of the ancient Greek peninsula around 1650 BC, where they established the world’s first slavery country, the Kingdom of Mycenae.
In the 12th century BC, the Mycenaean Kingdom clashed with the countries along the southwest coast of Asia in order to compete for maritime hegemony. The most famous of these was the Trojan War. The 10-year Trojan War consumed a lot of vitality in Mycenae and made this once glorious country riddled with defects. A war has brought down a civilization, which is one reason why the Trojan War has attracted much attention.
Mycenae civilization is the civilization of the Bronze Age of ancient Greece. It was named after the city of Mycenae on the Peloponnese Peninsula, with Mycenae, Tyrins, and Peros as the major states. The Mycenae civilization is an important part of the Aegean civilization, which inherited and developed the Cretan civilization.
Around 1900 BC, the Mycenaeans began to settle on the Peloponnese Peninsula until 1600 BC before establishing their country. The Mycenae civilization began to decline in 1200 BC, and the Post-Dorian invaded southward, proclaiming the demise of the Mycenae civilization. This is the last stage of the Bronze Age of Ancient Greece, and most of the history of ancient Greek literature and mythology, including the “Homer”, are set in this period.
So far, the altar has only been found in the palace, which may prove that the king also holds the power of religion in his own hands. For example, they may be high priests themselves. The early religions of the entire region are essentially the same. The main features include worship of the main gods. They lived in the main images of nature (sun, stars, mountains, trees, etc.) and held the secrets of fertility. This kind of worship went through a period of no idols (aniconic), from which divine objects were derived, such as stones, pillars, trees, weapons (double-sided axes or shields) and so on.
When the idol stage came in 2000 years ago, we found that just like other eastern Mediterranean regions, they had a goddess representing the gods, plus a young subordinate god, who might be the son and spouse of the goddess. This pair represents the fertility closely related to human beings.
The goddess sometimes appears with the dove representing Uranus (heaven); sometimes with the snake representing Chongnick (the earth). In rituals, gods, usually small statues, play a big role: all plants and animals are sacred, people use sacrifices (non-human, not burned), all forms of tribute and simulacra Religious practices such as (simulacrum), possession, etc., have the phenomenon of worship of the dead. This early nature worship explained many abnormal phenomena in ancient Greek religions, especially the worship of Artemis and Aphrodite.
Judging from the available evidence, Mycenaean religion may be the source of ancient Greek religion. Poseidon seems to occupy a high position, but he is regarded as the king of Pluto and is related to earthquakes and dark rivers. Since there are not many texts found, it is not clear about the gods and the relationship between the characters, and the gods with obvious characteristics such as Zeus-Hera, Ares, Hermes, Athena, and Artemis can be roughly identified. , Dionysus, Erinius, etc. The absent gods are Apollo, Aphrodite, Demeter (these are gods from the East), and Hephaestus.