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An Overview of the Contents of “Su Er Shihai”

“The Sea of ​​Poems of Sur” is a collection of Sul Das’s poems, with about 5,000 poems. These poems were recorded by others when he sang, so some people think that some of them are not his works; others think that there are many omissions, because it is said that he wrote more than 100,000 poems. The length of the poems in “Sur Poetry Sea” varies from three lines to dozens of lines, a few of which are more than a hundred lines, and the longest is more than 300 lines, but generally up to 10 lines.

Some poems in “Sur Poems” praise the power of the great god, describe the purpose of the great god incarnate, and promote religious teachings; some poems express the idea that good triumphs over evil or that where there is aspiration can be achieved. The tenth chapter, which accounts for 8 to 90% of the poem, tells that Heitian’s parents were persecuted by Uncle Heitian, a brutal little monarch, and imprisoned.

After Heitian was born in the cell, his father sent him to a shepherd’s house in Niuzhuang overnight. He grew up among herders and made friends with many shepherd boys and shepherds. There was a shepherd named Luo Tuo with him. The feelings are deep.

Hou Heitian left Niuzhuang, killed his uncle, and was embraced as king by the people. Heitian once sent a letter to the herders, and the shepherds gathered around the messenger to ask about Heitian’s situation. The plot develops here, and the religious mystery is relatively strong. At this time, Hei Tian’s identity was no longer an ordinary teenager, but a leader with aura.

The “Black Bee Song” questioned by the shepherd and the messenger has become a debate about the way of worshipping the great god. The poet intensively described Heitian’s life from babies to teenagers, and formed many sets of poems with the same content, such as Heitian’s birth, mother-child love, cradle playing, stealing butter, forest grazing, summer wild travel, and river. Play in the water, play in the flowers, love the shepherds, celebrate festivals, swing on the swings and so on.

For example, in the group of poems about stealing butter, poets wrote more than 100 poems based on this content. Some wrote that he went to other people’s homes alone; some wrote that he also took some friends with him. I couldn’t get the hanging basket, so I stepped on my friends. Sometimes when I saw someone coming, I hid, got caught, and tried to make excuses not to admit to stealing the cream.

Sometimes when he was caught in front of his mother, he still refused to admit it, pretending to be pitiful to win his mother’s sympathy; when his mother heard the accusations repeatedly, she had to believe it, so she tied him with a rope and wanted to beat him. he. Such a meticulous depiction of the life of a naughty child is unique in Hindi literature.

Not only that, the poet also describes the mother’s love and hope for the child, hoping that the child will grow up slowly, can crawl, can eat by himself, be called Mom and Dad, and even hope that the child will entangle himself endlessly. The poet described Hei Tian, ​​a naive child playing mischievously when playing with his friends, and was resisted by the friends, knowing that he was wrong, and then accosted to join the game.

The poet wrote that Heitian was just sensible, he would go to herding cows with other cowherd babies, entangled in asking his mother to agree, and guaranteed that he would not go to the river to play in the water. The poet also wrote that Hei Tian was bullied by the older child and came back to complain to his mother, complaining about how the older child frightened him. These poems with such content have been loved by the Indian people for hundreds of years, and they are sung everywhere. In short, the poet succeeded in portraying an image of Hei Tian who was loved and personified by people.

Many of Surdas’ poems are religious, that is, they describe the lives of children, and they are often called “my lord” and “lord of the universe.” Some of his poems about love also show mysterious tendencies.

This is because the poets of this sect who wrote the black sky poems in Hinduism believed that the strongest feeling in the world is love, and the strongest feelings should be used to love the great god, so the devotion to the great god is mixed with love. The love of the shepherd and Luo Tuo for Hei Tian described by Surdas is a manifestation of this kind of sentiment, which is not easy for non-Hindu sects to understand.

In addition, some people think that the two books “Sur Poems” and “Waves of Literature” are also written by Surdas. The former is roughly selected from “Sul Das”, and whether the latter is the work of Sur Das is still questionable.

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