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Why is Yelang so arrogant for the Southern Silk Road?

Shunan Bamboo Sea: Journey to Seek Cui


In 122 BC, Han Dynasty traveler and diplomat Zhang Qian returned to Chang’an, returned to Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty, and reported a “smuggling case” discovered during his trip to the Western Regions. Zhang Qian said: “In Daxia (now northern Afghanistan), I saw cloth and Qiong bamboo sticks from the Shu Kingdom.

The Daxia people said they were sold from the drug country (now India).” Therefore, Zhang Qian accurately speculated that “there is a smuggling route from the Shu area to the body drug country in the southwest of Dahan.” As a result, the “Southern Silk Road” began to enter the public eye, and the place rich in “bamboo sticks” was the Bamboo Sea of ​​Shunan on the southern edge of the Sichuan Basin.

The “bamboo stick” represents the characteristic native products of the Shu area. Being able to circulate to such a far place proves its preciousness. As a natural and unique trade resource since ancient times, what is the style and appearance of its place of production? It has always attracted me to take a closer look. So in the heavy snow season in December, I took my family and finally came to this world of bamboo (Shunan Bamboo Sea Tourist Resort). In the next 3 days itinerary, our food, clothing, housing and transportation are all related to bamboo. I also call it “Micui Journey”.

In the era of backward production tools, bamboo was used in many places where it was produced, and it runs through all aspects of life. However, as a natural resource, bamboo has strong vitality, but not all places can grow. It has relatively high requirements for height, humidity, and temperature. It will only grow well in a few specific places in our country.

Sichuan Yibin is the place where the Jinsha River and the Minjiang River meet. The altitude is low, the air is humid, and it has a unique subtropical monsoon climate. In Changning County, bamboo grows crazily over the mountains and plains, and along with the undulating mountains, it spreads into a sea of ​​green.

As it is located in the junction of Sichuan, Yunnan and Guizhou provinces, Shunan Zhuhai Tourist Resort has distinct geographical characteristics and is closely related to the life, production and development of the ancient Shu, Bo, Yelang, and Bashu tribes.

In ancient times, bamboo was a valuable economic plant. In the era before paper was invented, a large number of bamboos were strung into bamboo slips to carry culture. Therefore, the cost of acquiring knowledge is very high. Compared with pottery, bamboo is lighter, harder, resistant to falling and abrasion, and is more popular. In the north-south commodity circulation trade, bamboo products are very popular. Therefore, ethnic tribes occupying bamboo resources can easily get rich.

During the Yin and Shang dynasties more than 3,000 years ago, many indigenous tribes lived in Guizhou, Yunnan, Sichuan and the west of the Jianghan basin. Yibin City is the center, developing into southern Sichuan and northeastern Yunnan.

During the Qin and Han dynasties, the Lao clan entrenched here was the main ethnic group in the Yelang Kingdom. After the “Eight Kings Rebellion” in the Western Jin Dynasty, the population of southern Shu declined sharply, so the fourth emperor of the Cheng Han Dynasty “Li Shou” “introduced officials into Shu” from the Zangtang (now Beipanjiang River Basin in Guizhou).

It is this Yelang Kingdom that uses bamboo as its totem. It flourishes because of bamboo, and its worship of bamboo has reached its extreme. King Yelang called himself the “King of Bamboo”, and his surname was bamboo. He also built a “Bamboo King City” surrounded by water on three sides and built a “Bamboo King Temple” to worship the bamboo god.

“Huayang Guozhi” described: “A woman was bathing by the river, and suddenly three thick bamboo sections floated over the water. When she wanted to push away, a baby’s cry came from the bamboo. Quickly broke the bamboo, inside. It was a baby boy. Many years later, the baby boy was raised by a woman and became a Yifang Xiongyi (king of Yelang), and the three broken bamboos also grew into a dense forest.”

Similar stories are still widely circulated among the surrounding Yi, Buyi, and Gelao peoples, and it has become the “Genesis” of the Yelang Guoliao people.

Riding the Moxi cableway, while listening to the story of Yelangguo, climbed to the top of the mountain to watch the sea tower. The eyes are green and lush, and even the pupils are dyed green. The fresh air was refreshing, the strong wind passed by, and the sound of bamboo turbulence was set off, wave after wave, like dragons and tigers… The self-satisfaction of “meeting a paradise”.


Bamboo Sea is a natural oxygen bar. It is said that the vegetation coverage rate is 92.8%. The bamboo ecosystem here is complete, with more than 400 types of bamboo. In addition to the common moso bamboo, azy bamboo, and water chestnut, there are also rare bamboo species such as purple bamboo, Luo Han bamboo, Mian bamboo, and mandarin duck bamboo.

Strolling along the emerald promenade is like entering a bamboo museum. The lightweight bamboo is not only pleasing to the eyes, but also gives people a sense of tranquility and ease. Going back to the era of “Yelang”, thinking of the natural blessings of bamboo, food and housing are easy to come by, so it will naturally be more relaxed and poetic.

Moreover, due to the barriers of large rivers and mountains, a natural barrier is formed, and there are few outsiders plundering and intruding, and the life of Yelang people is as happy as the heavens.

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