How to measurement units of ancient wine?
Everything can be counted in units of measurement, so how is ancient wine measured? What are the measurement units of ancient wine? Are you curious too? The following editor will take everyone to take a look at the measurement units of those ancient wines! If you are interested, just read it!
Introduction to the five measurement units of ancient wine
“Kaogongji · Ziren” quotes “Han Shi” saying: “One liter is called jue, two liter is called gob, three liter is called gob, four liter is called horn, and five liter is called loose.”
China’s measurement can be traced back to the end of clan society more than 4,000 years ago. According to ancient records, the Yellow Emperor created five quantities: degree, quantity, balance, li, and number. Shun went on a tour to coordinate the sun, moon and four seasons of the tribes and clans, unifying the rhythm and weights and measures. Xia Yu used his body length and weight as the standard for length and weight. The ancient ruler handed down from the Shang Dynasty has a length of 15.8cm and is divided into ten inches.
In 221 BC, after the King of Qin won the government to unify China, he promulgated an edict on unified weights and measures, and at the same time produced a complete set of weighing and container standards, which were distributed to various places, and Shang Yang implemented the system of weights and measures that was implemented by Qin in the Warring States Period for more than 100 years. To the whole country. The unified system of weights and measures in the Qin Dynasty has been in use for more than 2,000 years, forming a unique system of measurement units in ancient China.
The so-called horn refers to a drinking vessel similar to a jue in ancient times, with no flow and no injection, and it was a drinking vessel used by lower aristocrats. Jue, Gob, Gob, Jiao, San are all drinking vessels. A dime of wine is now two or two wines, which is four liters of wine.
Beans are actually used to serve meat and vegetables in ancient times. They were often used for sauces and vinegar and other sauces, but they were also used for wine. “Kao Gong Ji” has a record of “eating a bean meat and drinking a bean wine”. Some people say that the word “dou” and “dou” are the same, and “dou” is also a wine container.
The bucket is also a wine vessel, and it cannot be mixed with the bucket of the measuring vessel. But it is indeed a relatively large-capacity wine vessel. “Poetry·Daya·Xingwei” has a verse of “Choose a big fight”, and the lyrics used by Li Ke in the Peking opera “Zhenchangzhai” also have a sentence of “Taibao Chuanling for a big fight”. A bucket of wine is probably a suitable amount of alcohol for ordinary people, and one bucket is a large cup.
4. 觥 (Covet)
Zang is a drinking vessel with a flat bottom, a handle, and a cow concave figure on the mouth. “Poetry·Zhou Nan·Volume Ears” has a verse of “I will take care of my concave coquettish”. The old note said: “The big seven liters, the concave horn is used as it.” But it is not necessarily made of horns. Archaeologists have discovered that there is copper. Concave, the capacity is indeed larger than the usual wine glasses, so later generations often referred to as the big wine glasses.
5. angle (this angle is not the same as the above angle)
The horn is a round wine vessel and also a measuring vessel. “Lu Shichunqiu·Zhongqiu”: “Zhengjun stone, Qi Shengjiao” means to calibrate a measuring instrument and a weighing instrument. The note says: “Stones, liters, angles, and all measuring instruments”. Arranged in sequence, the horns are obviously smaller than the horns after they are raised. The long-handled wine grapes used to scoop wine from the jars in later wine shops are the horns.