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Jinuo costume characteristics

Although the Jinuo people are small in number, they are a very distinctive ethnic group in terms of clothing. In general national costumes, women’s costumes are often more abundant than men’s costumes, but the Jinuo people are just the opposite. The costumes of the Jinuo people are simple and simple. They like to wear self-woven homespun clothes with blue, red and black colored stripes. Men of the Jinuo ethnic group wear wide trousers and a collarless white coat. The woman wears a white vest embroidered with various patterns, a collarless long-sleeved tunic, and a black red-rimmed skirt underneath, with a hemp bag on her back. The Jinuo people worship the sun, and the sun and moon flower decorations are the historical accumulation of the Jinuo people’s aesthetic psychology, which contains rich cultural connotations.

Costume characteristics


Both men and women of the Jinuo people like to wear big earrings, which have larger eyes. They think that the size of earring eyes is a symbol of whether a person is hardworking or not, so they wear earring eyes since they were young, and they gradually expand with age. If a person has small earrings, he will be considered timid and lazy.

Men of the Jinuo ethnic group wear wide trousers and white coats without collars. The woman wears a high bun with her hair back, a triangular pointed hat on her back, a hemp bag on her back, a white vest with various patterns, a collarless long-sleeved tunic, and a black and red rimmed skirt underneath. The Jinuo people like to wear self-woven homespun cloth with blue, red and black patterns, which is rich in ethnic characteristics. The women’s coat is called “Rainbow Clothes”. It is a beautiful and unique gown with embroidered stripes.

There is still a legend about the “rainbow dress” among the folks: a long time ago, an ancestor grandmother put a rainbow in the sky on a suffering girl, making her as beautiful as a fairy and living auspicious and happy lives. Life, since then, the Jinuo people have used the rainbow as a unique decoration of their own nation. After the age of fifteen or sixteen, a Keno man will hold an adult ceremony. After a serious and complicated process, he must change into adult clothes. The back of his shirt must be embroidered with the sun (moon) emblem. Embroidered with this emblem, from then on did they qualify as members of the commune and obtained the right to fall in love. After that, they must spend the night in the public house.


The headwear of the Jinuo tribe is unique. Women wear pointed shawl hats, which are made of self-woven white thick linen and decorated with striped patterns. Some hats have a long hem, embroidered with colorful geometric patterns, and beads, wool and feathers are used to make tassels at the bottom. Unmarried girls wear their hats snugly on their heads, while married women put up a frame made of bamboo strips on their heads to make their hats stand tall. The best decoration on the man’s headkerchief is a pattern made of red beans. Underneath are the wings of a white wood worm. This is the girl’s token of love to the young man. The white wood worm’s wings are hard and bright and never fade, symbolizing unswerving loyalty. Love.


The clothing of the Jinuo people has a simple and elegant style. Men generally wear white round-necked shirts with no buttons, wide-leg trousers that reach the knees, leggings wrapped, heads wrapped with long cloth, and earrings made of bamboo or silver carved with patterns. Women wear a round neck blouse without buttons, inlaid with seven-color patterns, lined with tights or wear a diamond-shaped embroidered chest pocket. She is wearing a short skirt with front opening and closing, leggings wrapped, and a cape-shaped cap on her head.

The clothing materials of the Jinuo people are mostly made of cotton and linen blended homespun cloth, the color is mainly the original color, with black and red stripes in the middle. The technology of weaving is primitive and simple. The cloth woven is not lubricated and dull, but it is strong and durable, which is deeply loved by the Jinuo people. Men wear white linen shirts without collars and borders. Without buttons, the front and chest are embellished with red and blue stripes. The back of the clothes is decorated with 18 cm square black cloth as the base. Embroidered with a round pattern of Kong Mingyin (moon flower). Wear white and blue trousers, the trousers are knee-length.

Women wear a collarless short jacket with red borders, lace and colorful cloth, and sun flower patterns embroidered on the back. Triangular floral cloth bust is fastened on the chest, and a short black front opening and closing skirt with red cloth trim is worn. Tie leggings and wear white thick linen winged hats (some with colorful stripes). The corner of the girl’s hat droops down to her shoulder, while the corner of the married woman is rolled up.

Peaked cap

This kind of hat is unique, resembling the pointed hat on a modern urban raincoat, and is a distinctive feature of Jinuo women’s clothing. It is made by folding a machete cloth with a vertical pattern of about 60 cm in length and 23 cm in width and sewing on one side. I often fold up a finger-width side on the brim of the hat. The slender Jino women wore such a set of color-coordinated and tailored clothing, which was both solemn and elegant, but also lively and pretty.

Stained teeth

The Jinuo people also like to dye their teeth, which is also a kind of beauty. There are two ways to dye teeth: one is to put betel nut and lime in the mouth for chewing. Over time, the teeth will gradually blacken and will not fade for a long time. This method of dyeing Your teeth can also protect your teeth from moth decay. Another method is to stuff burning rosewood in a bamboo tube and smear the black juice on the teeth. This method is a favorite way for young girls to talk about love or dress up for marriage.


Affected by the Dai nationality, the Jinuo nationality also has the custom of tattoos, usually people with wealthy families or talented people with tattoo hobbies. It is tattooed by the experienced Dai people. Women have tattoos on their calves, and the patterns are similar to the trim patterns on their clothes; men often have tattoos on their wrists and arms, with patterns such as animals, flowers, stars, and daily utensils.

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