Why can the Northern Zhou Dynasty destroy the Northern Qi?
Regarding the cause of the Northern Zhou Dynasty’s demise of the Northern Qi Dynasty, there are a series of phenomena such as the bloody succession to the throne caused by the Hu-Han conflict theory and the military-political separation theory, corruption, extortion and persecution of Zhongliang. These problems from different angles can be reasonably explained from a certain angle, and they also have certain defects.
There are Turks to the north of the Northern Qi, the Northern Zhou to the west, and Liangchen to the south. Whether the Northern Qi Dynasty can exist or not depends on a firm military force. The Northern Wei Dynasty’s military migration in the past years is their strong support. The consciousness of establishing a collective power should be a top priority to influence the Northern Dynasty’s army and regime.
1. The State Power Structure of the Eastern Wei Dynasty and the Northern Qi Dynasty
Northern Qiliang will come out in large numbers, among them, they are also known as the Three Great Northern Qi. Hu Luguang, Lanling King and Duan Shao were also called the Three Jies of the Northern Qi Dynasty. The role of military status in the country’s power structure is also particularly important. Only the victory of war can perfect a person’s position in this country. Judging from the situation at the time, the strength of the Northern Zhou Dynasty was not as high as that of the Northern Qi, but Gaowei of the Northern Qi eventually killed Hu Luguang and destroyed the Great Wall under their mistake, and his career was eventually destroyed by their ruler. In 557 of the Northern Qi Dynasty, King Lanling began his political career as an auxiliary minister and entered the stage of political history.
“Book of Northern Qi·Volume IV·Fourth of Emperor Ji”: In the first month of the spring of five years, Guisi, the emperor discusses the mountain Hu, from Lishi Road. He sent Taishi, King of Xianyang, Hulu Jin from Xianzhou Road, and King Changshan from Jinzhou Road, cut corners, broke it, beheaded tens of thousands, obtained more than 100,000 miscellaneous animals, and then flattened the stone building.
In the early years, the political situation in various countries in the Northern Dynasties was in turmoil, and the military forces of the major ethnic groups in the Northern Dynasties gradually began to disintegrate. The key to the stability of the royal power lies in whether its military command ability and political power can be fully utilized to the extreme. This made the political struggle for imperial power a dominant back-to-back history. Later, as a supporting role, the struggle between the two parties intensified. The history of our country has always been the winner and the loser, and this will inevitably face a battle. The Battle of Mangshan is one of them. The Battle of Mangshan was fought by the generals of the Western Wei Dynasty against the Eastern Wei Dynasty.
2. The influence of the monopoly on the status of Hu Luguang and other noble children of Huaisho in the army
The remuneration regime of the Northern Dynasty was aimed at the political conflicts between the Hu people and the Han people in the Northern Wei Dynasty. From the perspective of military and political factions, the remuneration life of the Northern Dynasty could not only satisfy the production and life of the royal family, but also maintain politics under the short-term basic production method. Stable, other times continue to resolve unstable conditions through various conflicting relationships. The Northern and Southern Dynasties were turbulent times in history. According to the relationship between the special geographical conditions and social customs, the regime of the Northern Zhou Dynasty and the Northern Qi Dynasty, centered on the government and military systems, possessed strong cohesion and finally achieved unity.
The turmoil caused by the chaos of the Southern and Northern Dynasties was not only in the North. Various wars gradually kicked off, and finally all the countries were concentrated into one force. Driven by various social conditions, the Eastern Wei, Northern Qi, and Northern Zhou were formed. The situation of the three kingdoms and tripods, among which the Eastern Wei Dynasty has inherited the creative heritage of the Northern Wei Dynasty, but it is full of the seeds of destruction that have inherited the social and political contradictions since the latter period of the Northern Wei Dynasty. After the main regime entered Luoyang, the Northern Dynasty finally experienced three dynasties: Northern Wei, Eastern Wei, and Northern Qi.
However, the complex political group background also caused unstable regimes in the Northern Dynasties. Initially, the Northern Wei regime was in the middle position. He had already established Luoyang as the core of the regime. Huluguang was the original core force of the Northern Wei regime, and there were many others. Political power has become Gao Huan’s first goal, and it is also inseparable from the cover of political alliances. Due to military and political reasons, Gao Huan moved his capital to Yecheng, thus establishing a half-century dual military and political system between Yecheng and Jinyang. The core problem of the chaos in the six towns is that the Northern Dynasty has many military contradictions and deep political differences. Now these two powers, as the Beijing regime, cannot complete the centralization of feudal society.
Although the Northern Qi Dynasty inherited the achievements of the Northern Wei Emperor Xiaowen’s sinicization reform, and there were a large number of civilian officials in the ruling group, its essence was still an army-based military regime. The aristocracy of the Northern Qi Dynasty, with Huishang aristocracy as the main body, made contributions on the battlefield, which had a decisive impact on the survival and political evolution of the Northern Qi regime.
It is in such a chaotic era, with a group of irresponsible historians, that the country will be turbulent. After reading some of the history of that era, you know that there are conflicts in their records from different countries, and you can only see the use of troops to win and the weak to defeat the strong. Before the establishment of the Eastern Wei Dynasty, the Hu people in the north, such as the Xianbei, the Koreans, and the Huns, mostly lived in the six towns with strong Xianbei and tribal organizations.
The separation of military and political affairs in the Eastern Wei Dynasty and Northern Qi Dynasty, the main structure of the Xianbei Hu Army, and the status and privileges of the generals made it impossible and impossible for them to become Han Chinese after entering the Northern Han Dynasty. In the later period of the Northern Qi Dynasty, at the cost of political chaos, military chaos, and national subjugation, this was the reason why cliques were used to suppress the military achievements of the noble family. Therefore, the military meritorious service of the Hu and Han people is an important force that determines and influences the nature of their political rights and the trend of their main contradictions. The demise of the Northern Qi Dynasty is inseparable from these.