Why would private minting currency be allowed in the Western Han Dynasty
There have been dozens of dynasties, large and small in Chinese history, famous and unfamous; long-lived and short-lived ones have become an indispensable part of Chinese history. Any change in history is likely to change China’s future. Towards.
If the most impressive among these dynasties is the Han and Tang Dynasties. Awe-inspiring, and congratulations from all over the world, no one dares to say that China is a weak country. These two dynasties not only had their own halo, but their military strength was incomparable.
Cultural and economic aspects have also been greatly developed. During the Tang Dynasty, it was once at the peak of the times. It has become an insurmountable benchmark in ancient times, and many cultural achievements, political opinions, economic policies, etc., which have been passed down in later generations, are worthy of a long time to explore.
Although under the feudal society, the overall thinking has not changed much, and it has brought shackles to commerce, but because they are necessary in themselves, they can always find a suitable soil for their own survival and development in the feudal society. In the Western Han Dynasty, the private handicraft industry emerged in a suitable environment and has been greatly developed.
1. In the early Western Han Dynasty, the social environment provided conditions for private industry and commerce
2. The idea of ruling the country by doing nothing has laid the foundation for the development of the Western Han Dynasty
Although Qin Shihuang ruled the world and ended hundreds of years of wars and disputes and rescued the people from fruits, the establishment of the Qin Dynasty was too short, and it was wiped out in just two lives.
In addition, during the reign of Qin Shihuang, the legalist thought and strict rules led to the existence of the Qin Dynasty for only fourteen years. In fact, during this period of incident, social production activities have not been greatly improved.
Only the upper level has built a lot of civil engineering, and the people are miserable. On the contrary, anti-Qin anti-Qin waves began to emerge in various parts of the country following the Chen Sheng Wu Guang Uprising.
At the end of the Qin Dynasty, the war ended, the Western Han Dynasty was established, and China entered a period of decline. The people had no experience, and the upper echelons had no energy. When the Han emperor Liu Bang went on a parade, he could not find horses of the same color. It can be seen that social production has declined to the point of irreversibility. Point. The lives of ordinary people are more difficult.
In addition, local rebellions broke out from time to time in the early Western Han Dynasty, and the recovery of national productivity was hit again. Therefore, what the Western Han Dynasty needed was no longer to kill all quarters and expand the territory, but urgently needed rest.
At this time, the siege of Bai Deng made Liu Bang re-recognize the difference between the Western Han and the Xiongnu, and also laid the policy tone for later generations.
Under such circumstances, in order to stimulate the creativity and vitality of the people to the utmost extent, the Western Han government adopted the idea of ruling by doing nothing. This strategy was not changed until Liu Che, Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty, ascended to the throne more than a hundred years later.
3. The strong wealth accumulation effect in Guanzhong area
The Guanzhong area, even in the central part of Shaanxi Province, when it comes to the land of abundance, people will think of the degree of retreat to defend, advance to attack, rivers and mountains are inexhaustible, creating a superior geographical location in Guanzhong.
Therefore, during the Spring and Autumn Period of the Warring States Period, it was already very prosperous. This is also the reason why during the period of the Three Kingdoms, they all competed for this area. When Chu and Han were fighting for hegemony, Liu Bang also used this place as his base camp.
Relying on abundant resources and cooperating with his own strategy, he defeated Xiang Yu, who was disdainful to win by insidious means. Therefore, after the establishment of the Han Dynasty, Guanzhong became the capital and the most prosperous area in the country. In addition, Guanzhong also has extremely high military value.
After that, many wealthy businessmen and generals were relocated to the city of Chang’an and supervised by the emperor himself, and accidents occurred in the province. Guanzhong continued to prosper and develop, and it played a role in driving the people who became rich first, and ultimately, in turn, promoted the national commercial development as a leader.
4. The land grant system solves the land contradiction
Zhihu was established in the Western Zhou Dynasty, and people used the well-field system to allocate land across the country. In this case, the people rely on the east together, which causes the people to live in poverty and ignore it, which is difficult to maintain.
Later, with the invention of new labor production tools, the peasant class began to appear on the historical stage, and gradually developed into the main class. The mine field system was abolished. The Han Dynasty inherited the Qin system, inherited the universal land grant system, and continued to implement it.
It was not abolished until the demise of the Western Jin Dynasty. Although the land grant system cannot avoid the evil phenomenon of land annexation, several emperors in the early Western Han Dynasty were more effective. Therefore, this aspect is not bad.
5. Policies promote business development
The Western Han Dynasty advocated “rule by doing nothing”, but it did not mean that the Western Han Dynasty itself did not develop, and it really became the shopkeeper. It’s just that the government no longer intervenes too much in the people’s lives and promulgates policies that are beneficial to their production and life.
Many people hid in the mountains and forests in order to avoid the war. Liu Bang formulated corresponding policies to reduce the control over them, giving them more space and facilitating their development of production and operation.
The Western Han Dynasty government not only allowed profiteering industries such as iron smelting and mining to be distributed to the private sector, but also allowed private casting of red pens. Today, I can hardly imagine what society will become, but the Western Han Dynasty government was able to let it go. It can be seen that the loose system is very powerful.
6. The impact of private industry and commerce
After the establishment of the Han Emperor Gaozu, the Western Han Dynasty was governed by Queen Lu, Emperor Hanwen, and Emperor Han Jing. It has completely got rid of the weakness of the initial period and has become a powerful country.
Therefore, the achievements of Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty afterwards were all carried out by standing on the shoulders of the ancestors, and the clever political talents and grand plans were demonstrated. After the rise of private industry and commerce, many wealthy and wealthy people from the enemy’s countries appeared.
In order to gain more benefits, they adopt the method of ingenious deprivation. Over time, there is no way to contain it, and local grassroots management is powerless. Fortunately, the central politics is strong. If it is not strong, great chaos will occur.
In general, although the nature of the society has caused the Western Han government to still suppress industry and commerce as a whole, it has relatively opened up a lot.
As an inevitable development direction, we can always find a suitable period for development. Private industry and commerce in the Western Han Dynasty laid the foundation for the prosperous age of Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty, and also planted a time bomb for the later demise.