The origin of the name Brisbane
Brisbane, also translated as Brisbane, is the capital of Queensland, Australia, and the third largest city in Australia, with a permanent population of about 2.3 million, second only to Sydney and Melbourne. Brisbane is close to the Tropic of Capricorn and has a subtropical climate with an average annual sunshine time of 7.5 hours, so it is known as the “Sunshine City”.
The International Olympic Committee announced that Brisbane, Australia will become the preferred host city for the 2032 Summer Olympics. The International Olympic Organizing Committee will have a targeted dialogue with the Brisbane 2032 Olympic bid committee, and the Olympic Committee will also have detailed discussions with Australia.
If all goes well and all parties meet the hosting requirements, the Executive Committee of the International Olympic Committee will propose that Brisbane host the 2032 Summer Olympics. If the discussion is unsuccessful, it will continue to dialogue with other interested host countries.
The name of Brisbane is derived from the name of the Governor-General of the Colonial District of New South Wales during the colonial era. A river was discovered here and named the Brisbane River to commemorate the then governor Thomas McDoug Brisbane who helped colonize the area. Hence the name of the city.
Brisbane was originally called Moreton Bay and was under the jurisdiction of New South Wales. The first European to land in the Brisbane area was John Oxley, who explored the Brisbane River and Moreton Bay in 1823. In 1824, the chief executive of the colony of New South Wales decided to establish a Penal Settlement.
In 1829, the bay became the largest colonial prison in Australia with more than 1,000 prisoners. Free colonists can only live in an area of 80 kilometers around Mortang Bay. The town was established in 1834.
It was only in 1839 that the local government allowed free immigrants to reclaim wasteland. Later, with the abolition of the criminal exile system, the prison was closed in 1842, the prisoners were transported to other places, Brisbane was opened as a free settlement, the number of residents gradually increased, and the towns continued to expand.
In 1845, people discovered other lands in the upper reaches of the Barku River, Warrego and Beylando, which became a rich pasture in central Queensland. The herders came here with their livestock, making more places here into pastures. Later, beautiful houses were built on these pastures.
In the Beaudesert Valley, there are still beautiful St. John’s and All Saints’ Churches. Around them, a community is formed with Mundolun and Tamrookum as the center.
The Brisbane Valley is still owned by ancient ranchers. Ipswich, a small port on the Brisbane River, connects the rich Darlingtown Ranch with Brisbane. Through a large number of colonial buildings, such as public buildings, special hotels and large houses in the capital of Queensland, we can still see the prosperity of the time.
Brisbane is a coastal city in the southeast of Queensland. The streets in the center of the city are developed in a checkerboard-like plan, with female names in the east-west direction and male names in the north-south direction. The name Brisbane is in memory of the former New South Wales Governor Sir Thomas Brisbane.
Brisbane became the capital of Queensland in 1859. In 1925, the city of Brisbane merged with the neighboring city of South Brisbane, “South Brisbane” became the name of one of the central business districts, and the area of Brisbane increased to 1,367 square meters. Kilometers, it has become the second largest city in the world after Los Angeles in the metropolitan area.