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Why is Arabia called a big food country

The Tang Dynasty in my country’s history was a very powerful dynasty in the world at that time, and it can be said to be the most powerful. This kind of strength is not only in the house and population, but also includes many aspects such as culture, and has a profound impact on the surrounding countries. During the same period of the Tang Dynasty, the strongest in Europe was the Arab empire, and the formation of the Arab empire had a special historical background.

As early as the second half of the 6th world, due to the chaos in Egypt and the perennial war between Byzantium and Persia, the original Persian Gulf-Red Sea-Nile trade route was impassable. The merchants changed to safer ones. Overland in the Arabian Peninsula. As a result, Mecca, a commercial city located in the middle of the commercial road, became prosperous.

The prophet of Islam Muhammad began to spread Islam on the order of Allah. At the beginning of 630, Muhammad led a large army of Muslim soldiers to Mecca. The two sides concluded the “Hodbiya Peace Treaty”, and the soldiers fell to Mecca without bloodshed, and the residents took the initiative to accept Islam.

Subsequently, various tribes near and far in the Arabian Peninsula sent envoys to Medina to show their submission, and a few opponents were suppressed. Since then, the people of various tribes on the Arabian Peninsula have begun to build a unified Arab Muslim country with Islam as the core.

After the establishment of the Arab Empire, there were 626 years of Guozuo, including the four major Caliphs (632-661) and the Umayyad dynasty (661-750) and the Abbasid dynasty (750-1258). A hereditary dynasty.

When it is strong, it starts from the Indus River and Congling in the east, reaches the Atlantic coast in the west, reaches the Caucasus Mountains, the Caspian Sea and southern France in the north, and reaches the Arabian Sea and the Sahara Desert in the south. It covers an area of ​​13.4 million square kilometers. It is the east and west in ancient world history. One of the empires with the longest span is also a great empire that straddles Asia, Europe and Africa after the Persian Achaemenid Empire, the Alexander Empire, the Roman Empire, and the Byzantine Empire.

The Arab Empire and the Tang Empire were the two largest empires in the world at that time. In order to catch up with the Tang Dynasty and compete for world land, the Arab Empire concentrated the power of the whole country to develop its military level. However, due to the emphasis on military affairs and the neglect of economic development, agricultural development was lagging behind, and internal peasant uprisings continued. After the Battle of Tarros, the Arab Empire was unable to advance eastward. In 1258, the capital of Abbasid, Baghdad, was captured by Hulagu, commander-in-chief of the Western Expedition of the Greater Mongols, and the Arab Empire was destroyed.

Regarding the name of the Arab empire, Western Europe used to call it the Saracen Empire, while the Tang Dynasty in China called him “Da Shi”. Why is this?

According to data records, there is a tribe in the Arab Empire very close to the Persian Kingdom. This tribe translates to Tay in Persian. Therefore, the Persians like to use the name of this tribe to refer to the entire Arab nation. The Chinese learn about Arabs from the Persian population, so they use the term “big food” to refer to Arabs. As early as the middle of the 7th century, the literature of the Tang Dynasty has referred to the Arabs as the big food, and the big food in the literature of the Liao and Song Dynasties generally still refers to the Arabs.

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