Why did ancient Egypt build Pyramids?
Pyramid is used to preserve the tomb of ancient Egyptian kings. It is famous for being tall and majestic. It is full of mystery and attracts tourists from all over the world to explore the secrets.
There are more than 70 ancient Egyptian pyramids. The tallest Pyramid of Khufu is 146.5 meters high and 230 meters wide. It shares 2.3 million stones with an average weight of 2.5 tons. How it was built is still a mystery. Why did the ancient Egyptian king, who lived a life of extravagance and desperation, build a huge and strong tomb for himself, and also built it into a pyramid shape? This is related to the religious superstition and nature worship of the ancient Egyptians.
The ancient Egyptians were extremely superstitious about life in the “underworld”, believing that the soul of a person is immortal after death, and believed that the body of a person must be preserved for a long time if the water of the soul is retained for a long time. This superstition comes from the myth of the death and resurrection of the agricultural god Osiris in ancient Egyptian legends. It is said that the death of the agricultural god Osiris symbolizes the silence in the fields after the harvest of the grains. His resurrection symbolizes the prosperity and vitality of the earth after the seedlings of the grains grow again in the second year.
The kings of ancient Egypt not only wanted to be living rulers, but also hoped to continue to rule their subjects in the “underworld” after death. This is the same as many ancient emperors in China, who wanted the right to immortality and eternity.
Motivated by their motivation, they used ancient Egyptian medicine to invent a method of making a mummy—a mummy—that is, after taking out all the internal organs of a human corpse, soaking it in a special solution of salt and resin for 7 days, and then drying it. Fill it with vanilla resin and wrap it tightly with a linen cloth to become the mummy we see now. They think that this world is just a temporary residence, and the tomb where their mummies are stored is their permanent residence.
This actually stems from their deep fear of death.The kings of ancient Egypt relied on their own power and drove thousands of subjects and slaves to build tall and strong tombs for themselves as “eternal castles” after their deaths.
At first, the king’s tomb was the same as the general Egyptian tombs in appearance. They were called “Mastaba” (meaning land, bench). They were rectangular tombs made of mud, but the kings’ tombs. “Mastaba” is much bigger than the average person. With the strengthening of slavery autocracy in ancient Egypt, the tombs of the kings became more and more magnificent and tall.
Around 2700 BC, during the reign of King Zuozhai, his prime minister, Imhotep, was pleased by King Bo and built the tomb of King Zuozhai into a huge rectangular tomb made of stones. But the King Zuozhai was not satisfied with this, so Imhotep ingeniously built five more “mastabas” on the original rectangular dolmen with one layer smaller than one layer, and wrapped them in delicate limestone. . In this way, the six-story “Mastaba” is 61.2 meters high, which is much more majestic than the previous “Mastaba”. The first pyramid in Egypt was born.
The ancient Egyptians worshipped nature very much, and regarded the sun, mountains, deserts, and long rivers as sacred things. The monument that gave the image of the mountain to the royal power is suitable for the autocratic, majestic, and supremely powerful ancient Egyptian kings.
The majestic spirit of the pyramids made the ancient Egyptians Shuiyuan awe and fear and obey the dead king. After King Zuozhai, the kings of ancient Egypt built pyramids on a large scale at all costs. Around 1500 BC, the construction of the pyramid ceased due to the growing weakness of the Egyptian kingship, the exhaustion of the people’s wealth, and the people’s uprising.