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Where is the Chinese place in Japan?

The Chinese region (Japanese hiragana name: ちゅうごくちほう; English name: Chugoku Region) is a regional concept of Japan. It is located in the western part of Honshu, Japan. It consists of Tottori, Shimane, Okayama, Hiroshima, and Yamaguchi prefectures. Consists of counties.

In addition, administratively, as the Meteorological Agency, Yamaguchi Prefecture is excluded; the Coast Guard is located in the northern part of Yamaguchi Prefecture, and the Maritime Affairs Office of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism except Shimonoseki City. It should be noted that this “Chinese place” has nothing to do with the “China” of the “People’s Republic of China”.

Regional introduction

Japanese “Chinese place” (pseudonym: ちゅうごくちほう, Roman character: Chūgoku chihō) refers to the Sanyo Road and Yamagata area in the western part of Honshu, Japan, including Tottori Prefecture, Shimane Prefecture, Okayama Prefecture, Hiroshima Prefecture, 5 counties including Yamaguchi Prefecture; covers an area of ​​31,917.37 square kilometers and has a population of about 7.718 million. After Japan was defeated, it was sometimes called the Sanyang Sanyin area to distinguish it from the People’s Republic of China.

The Sanyo Road in ancient Japan included Harima, Misaku, Bizen, Bichu, Bingo (Sanbei), Ayikuni, Zhouhou, and Nagato, and the mountain vagina included Tamba, Tango, Tajima, Inaba, Hoki, and Izumo. , Ishimi, and Oki, a total of sixteen countries. In the Middle Ages of Japanese history, China became the most developed area of ​​culture and art in Japan except for Kyoto because of fewer wars.

Recorded history

The places such as Sanyo Road and Sannyin are collectively called “China”, and the earliest documented record should be the “Taipei Ji” in the period of the Northern and Southern Dynasties in Japan. The book records that Ashikaga Naowinter was appointed as the Nagato Detective at the beginning of the year, and later he also governed the Sanyo Road’s Zhouhou, Anyun, Bingo, Bichu, and Yamagina’s Izumo, Hakuzha, Inaba and other countries, so it was later called Ashikaga Zhidong is a “Chinese Quest”. Therefore, I believe that after the Muromachi shogunate at the latest, the above-mentioned countries will be collectively referred to as “Chinese places”.

Depiction of ancient Japanese myths Yo Emperor’s family-like “Kojiki” and “Japanese book”, Shode Izumo district name work Ashihara no Nakatsukuni, Ashihara no Nakatsukuni, China The ancient word Gennoichi.

Note that the Sanyo Road in ancient Japan includes Harima, Misaku, Bizen, Binchu, Bingo (Sanbei), Aki, Zhouhou, and Nagato, and the mountain vagina includes Tamba, Tango, Tajima, Inaba, Hoki, and Izumo , Ishimi, and Oki, a total of sixteen countries. However, the “Chinese area” does not include the entire Sanyo and Yamagata, among which places such as Bizen, Misaku, Harima, Tajima, Tango, and Tanba (approximately equivalent to the current Kyoto Prefecture and Hyogo Prefecture) are not considered ” Chinese place”.

So, there are many theories about the origin of the name of the place in China.

Around the 10th century, the Yonki-style decree stated that the current Kinki region is a “near country”, and Kyushu and East Japan are “distant countries”, and because the current Chinese place is in The name “Chinese Place” has been passed down between the near country and the far country.

Another argument comes from myths and legends that are older than the Yanxi style.

According to the mythological record in the ancient events, the place where the gods lived was called Gaotianyuan, and the dead went to the country of Huangquan. Between them, the two gods Izanaki and Izanami created the current Japanese archipelago, and this land is called the “Naka ​​no Kuni.”

From then on, until Nakano-Kuni was put down, the legends of the land of Huangquan, the legend of the god Susano, and the legend of the god of the great kingdom, such as the legend of Jangkuni, were all centered on the current Izumo area of ​​Shimane Prefecture. There is a reason for this. It is said that a powerful family appeared in the Izumo area at that time. From the archaeological point of view, many very valuable bronze wares were unearthed at that time, which also confirms this point.

The process of letting these gods obey Amaterasu to dominate the country is exactly the story of the peaceful country described in the myth. Because of this incident, the area centered on Izumo was called “Nakano Kuni”, and this name was passed down and became the current “Chinese place”.

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