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Where is Alaska

Alaska (State of Alaska) is located at the northwestern tip of the North American continent, bordering Canada to the east and surrounded by the Arctic Ocean, Bering Sea and the North Pacific Ocean on the other three sides.

The state is home to 17 of the 20 highest mountains in the United States, and the 6,194-meter Mount McKinley is the highest peak in North America. Most of the active glaciers in the world are in the state of Azerbaijan, and the largest Malaspina glacier basin covers an area of ​​5703km².

The state covers an area of ​​1,717,854km², accounting for 20% of the country’s area, making it the largest state in the United States. The southeast and central and southern parts have a temperate climate, with an annual temperature of about 0°C to 15°C; the inland has a continental climate, which can reach 26°C during the polar day in summer and -15°C during the polar night in winter; the west and southwest are affected by ocean currents. Influence, cold and windy; the Arctic Circle is a polar climate, and the temperature is below zero throughout the year.

History

In 1741, Danish navigator Vitus Bering sailed to the Gulf of Alaska. In 1784, the Russians established a settlement in Sansheng Bay. The region has been part of Russia since 1799.

After the outbreak of the Crimean War in 1853, Russia was afraid that the Alaska colony would be taken away by the United Kingdom, and proposed to sell Alaska to the United States. On March 30, 1867, the United States bought it from Russia for $7 million plus a handling fee of $200,000. In Alaska, which covers nearly 1.7 million square kilometers, the average clod is only two cents per acre.

The effective date of the land contract was October 18, 1867, so the state designated this day as “Alaska Memorial Day”. Alaska was established in 1912. Established in 1959, it is the 49th state in the United States. The University of Alaska was established in 1917. On February 5, 1985, friendly relations were concluded with China’s Heilongjiang Province.

Climate

Alaska’s vast territory and undulating terrain result in a variety of climates within the state. The southern coast, the southeast, the islands of the Gulf of Alaska and the Aleutian Islands belong to a temperate marine climate, with an average temperature of 4 to 16 °C in summer, 4 to -7 °C in winter, and an annual precipitation of 1525 to 4065 mm. The inland basin belongs to the sub-temperate zone, which is drier than the coast and slightly colder. The average temperature in summer is 7 to 24 ℃, and in winter it is -7 to -23 ℃. The average annual precipitation in Anchorage is 635 mm.

The Bering Sea coast and islands have an arctic oceanic climate, with a temperature of 4 to 16°C in summer and -7 to -23°C in winter. The central plateau has a continental climate, with a temperature of 7-24°C in summer, -23–34°C in winter, and an annual precipitation of 255-510 mm. The polar plain has a polar climate, with a temperature of 2 to 13 °C in summer and -21 to -29 °C in winter, but in summer, the temperature can rise to 32 °C under continuous sunlight for 24 hours.

Population race

Alaska Natives include Indians, Inuits and Aleutians, making up about 1/7 of the state’s population. The rest are Americans, Russians, Japanese, Chinese and others. There are 80,000 soldiers and their families in the state. 46% of residents live in the Anchorage area.

Travel

Alaska has about 3 million lakes across the Arctic Circle, 94 of which are more than 10 square miles wide; 17 of the 20 high mountains in North America are located in Alaska. The natural environment has created Alaska’s national parks, which have earned them the title of “Last Virgin Land.”

Every October to March of the following year is the peak season for the Alaskan dog sled race. Almost every town holds regional races on weekends and holidays. From children to adults, it is divided into grades according to age, and cross-country time trials of varying kilometers are held; At the end of March, the All-Alaska Regional Finals will be held.

Alaska has the largest number of national parks in the United States. The largest national park in the United States is Wrangel-St. Elias, Alaska, covering an area of ​​32,000 square kilometers, which is equivalent to six times the size of Yellowstone National Park.

Denali National Park Reserve is the most famous national park in Alaska, spanning 256 kilometers across the Alaska Mountains, where the highest peak in North America, Mount McKinley, stands at an altitude of 6193 meters. Denali National Park is the largest ecological reserve in the world, and the protection of nature is quite thorough.

The park retains the original mountains, glaciers, forests, etc., and contains many special plants and wild animals in the polar regions. It is definitely a perfect ecological observation site. Moreover, there is not only a main road built in the park, which is convenient for people to observe more carefully. Here, hundreds of species of animals and plants, including grizzly bears, deer, North American elk, and caribou, rest here.

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