Decisive Victory 大决战 Episode 1 Recap
After the victory of the War of Resistance Against Japan, the Chinese people eagerly hope to establish a peaceful and democratic new China. On August 25, 1945, the Party Central Committee issued the “Declaration on the Current Situation”, which clearly put forward the three slogans of peace, democracy and unity. On August 28, 1945, Mao Zedong, Zhou Enlai and others went to Chongqing for negotiations. China is facing a contest between two destinies and two futures.
This is the first time Chairman Mao has taken an airplane, and he was somewhat nervous. Ambassador Hurley of the United States tried to ease his nervousness. At the same time, Chiang Kai-shek changed his mind halfway and asked General Zhou to pick up Mao Zedong and others on his behalf.
On the plane, they expressed their opinions on this negotiation. Zhou Enlai added that today’s remarks do not represent official opinions. General Zhang of the Kuomintang and Mr. Hurley of the United States have repeatedly stated that they are sincere and sincere in the peace talks. Chen Xunen, director of the Second Division of the Chairman’s Attendant’s Office of the Nationalist Government’s Military Commission, handed over the details of the negotiations to Chiang Kai-shek, but Chiang Kai-shek wanted the Communist Party to tell the details of their terms. The Kuomintang refuted them one by one. Take it out as the last bottom line. Chen Xun’en understood that the negotiations this time were fake.
Mao Zedong, Zhou Enlai and others arrived in Chongqing, and friends from reporters took pictures of them. That night, Chiang Kai-shek hosted a banquet to welcome them. After Mao Zedong took the seat, he said that he was looking forward to this negotiation. Chiang Kai-shek said that this negotiation was a matter between the Kuomintang and the Communist Party, while Mao Zedong believed that there was nothing wrong with letting the whole nation negotiate.
Upholding the true revolutionary ideal is to work for the benefit of a larger base of people. The Communist Party has always adhered to this ideal and belief. Chiang Kai-shek also believed that the Chinese people should also live a stable and peaceful life. He took this opportunity to propose that the Communist Party lay down its weapons and accept the adaptation.
Hearing such words, Mao Zedong just smiled. They had suffered a loss in this regard, and they knew exactly who Chiang Kai-shek and the Kuomintang were, so they would never accept the adaptation. When Mao Zedong was talking with Chiang Kai-shek, Zhou Enlai was also talking with Dai Li, the deputy director of the Bureau of Investigation and Statistics of the National Government Military Commission.
Although Zhou Enlai knew that the trip to Chongqing might be dangerous, they came for national justice, which is also the belief of the Communist Party. . Dai Li didn’t care, and talked about faith without life. Regardless, Zhou Enlai hoped that Dai Li would remember the promise made today and that the two sides would work together for peace.
I heard that Mao Zedong came to wear a special hat this time, and Chiang Kai-shek deliberately understood that the Three People’s Principles hat was placed on the head of the Communist Party. Of course, Mao Zedong did not follow his words to answer, but pointed out that a hat that does not protect his head is useless.
The two sides used hats and heads to compare the Communist Party and the Kuomintang, and their respective principles and bottom lines of resolute refusal were expressed in simple conversations. In Chongqing Special Garden, Zhou Enlai arranged Mao Zedong’s residence in Chongqing in Special Garden, the home of democracy. Although Dai Li’s house is next to it, it is not safe by law, but Dai Li can be used to protect Mao Zedong’s safety.
Zhang Lan, chairman of the Central Committee of the Chinese Democratic League, believes that Mao Zedong should not come to Chongqing, but Mao Zedong does not think so. Their trip to Chongqing brought with them a detailed plan for peace talks. Zhang Lan was very emotional after listening to it. He could see that the Communist Party really wanted peace talks. Chiang Kai-shek went to General Weidmeier, hoping that the U.S. military could help the Kuomintang carry troops to start the war.
After listening to Chiang Kai-shek’s words, Weidemai understood that the Chongqing negotiations were fake and not real peace talks at all. Weidmaier said bluntly that he was disgusted with this behavior, and as a representative of a community of strategic interests, he had to admit that Chiang Kai-shek’s opinions were very reasonable.
During the Chongqing negotiations, the Kuomintang, with the strong support of the United States, stepped up its deployment for a full-scale civil war. The United States even used aircraft and warships to transport 540,000 Kuomintang troops to the front lines of the civil war. The negotiations in Chongqing continued. Zhou Enlai threw the Communist Party’s final bottom line, but the Kuomintang had no sincerity.
Ambassador Hurley of the United States was obviously on the side of the Kuomintang. Zhou Enlai knew that there was no need to talk anymore and decided to leave the negotiating table. Afterwards, Zhou Enlai and Mao Zedong reached an agreement that they would never make any further concessions. The Kuomintang has already begun to seize the fruits of victory, shifting its main force to East and North China, intending to expand its territory.
Zhu De’s policy of “developing north and defending south” was approved by Mao Zedong. With the Northeast, the Communist Party can have a broader strategic rear, and the Chinese revolution will therefore have a stronger foundation.