Awakening Age 觉醒年代 Episode 43 End Recap
Chen Duxiu met in Shanghai with Cai Yuanpei, who is about to go abroad for inspection, and he admired Cai Yuanpei’s inclusive education philosophy. Wang Daxie and Wu Zhihui also saw off, but Chen Duxiu and Wu Zhihui had huge differences in thinking, and they unceremoniously warned him not to fight Yannian Qiao Nian. Cai Yuanpei reminded him that although their viewpoints are different, they can also do something to discuss the development direction of the New Culture Movement with Hu Shi and Li Dazhao.
Li Dazhao and Hu Shi left for Shanghai, Chen Duxiu happily carried two altars of Erguotou, and they went to the mountain and field to sit on the grass for a picnic. Hu Shi is dissatisfied with the status quo that “New Youth” has become a partisan publication.
Since Chen Duxiu is going to work in Guangzhou, the editorial staff wants to move “New Youth” to Beijing, but how to deal with everyone after moving to Beijing Different. Lu Xun proposed that Chen Duxiu decide by himself. Chen Duxiu therefore proposed that “New Youth” would stay in Shanghai and Chen Wangdao would continue to lead the editing. Hu Shi did not object, but he could not persuade and stop his friends, leaving only regret and sadness.
Chen Duxiu opened the skylight and said that the common ideal and pursuit of him and Li Dazhao is to save China with Marxism, but Hu Shi believes that Germany, the birthplace of communism, has not realized communism, and Russian communism is only a few years old. How can they determine communism? It works in China.
Chen Duxiu and Li Dazhao firmly believed in their choice and believed that it was a choice of China and history. Although Hu Shi held different views, he also deeply felt that the friendship between the three of them was profound and precious. Chen Duxiu said that the three brothers should always treat each other frankly. As for faith and choice, it is left to the evaluation of history and future generations.
Zhou Enlai gave the publications sent by Chen Duxiu to Yannian Qiao Nian. Yannian and Qiao Nian have discovered that anarchism is not working. They have repeatedly studied Marxist publications and confirmed that Marxism-Leninism is the way to save China. ,
Determined to completely break with anarchism. The French government refused to work-study Chinese students. Wu Zhihui even used the work-study students to be too low to pay for themselves as an excuse to perfidiously refuse the Chinese students who studied in France to enter the work-study program. Yannian and Qiao Nian refused to take a special oath to advance and retreat with the students.
Zhou Enlai and Yannian Qiaonian led students to protest and met with Wu Zhihui. Wu Zhihui quibbleed about his actions, but the enrollment introduction of the University of Lyon Sino-French University published by him was a statement of his shamelessness. Yannian and Qiao Nian broke completely with Wu Zhihui and told him that they had abandoned their illusions about unrealistic anarchism and that Marxism would be their belief in the future.
In the garden on Nanjing Road, Shanghai, Chen Duxiu and Li Dazhao appointed party members Li Hanjun to meet with Nikkorsky and Li Lin of the Communist International. They proposed to convene the first congress of the Communist Party of China as soon as possible. Although Li Dazhao and Chen Duxiu were unable to attend the meeting, they were still solely responsible for the organization and arrangement of the meeting. A total of 13 CCP members will soon arrive in Shanghai. Thus, in early June 1921, the first National Congress of the Communist Party of China was held in Shanghai.
Li Hanjun received Dong Biwu who had arrived in Shanghai, and proposed that the comrades choose them and Zhang Guotao to draft a document based on the discussion opinions, and Dong Biwu agreed. In the middle of the night, Mao Zedong knocked on Dong Biwu’s door, and Dong Biwu had long heard of Mao Zedong’s reputation in the Xinmin Society.
The two hit it off, Dong Biwu and Mao Zedong discussed the purpose and significance of the Communist Party of China. Mao Zedong said that the establishment of the Communist Party of China was not the awakening of a few intellectuals, but the result of the awakening of the working class and the broadest masses of the people.
As a sign of the official establishment of the Communist Party of China, Chen Duxiu will be very successful. Chen Duxiu deeply regrets that he cannot witness this moment. Deng Zhongxia took out Yi Baisha and asked him to hand over the books to Chen Duxiu. Yi Baisha went to Beijing alone to assassinate Xu Shichang and committed suicide. Chen Duxiu learned the news and sat on a rock for a long time in her heart.
At the same time, Zhao Shiyan also sent back the lyrics of “Internationale” from France. The last few lyrics were translated by Qiao Nian. The father and son will finally become comrades in the same trench. Chen Duxiu walked alone, chanting the lyrics of “Internationale”, sad and happy in her heart, tears in her eyes eventually fell.
Li Dazhao in Beijing’s Kangmuyizhai organized a situation report meeting. Worker representatives from Changxindian also attended the meeting. The national labor movement is in full swing. Workers in Changxindian on May 1st formally established the Railway Workers’ Union. This is not an exception. Various types of workers’ organizations have established trade unions, and the working class has become a revolution on the social stage.
Li Dazhao also announced that the main force of the Chinese Communist Party has been successfully held and the Communist Party of China was formally established. He expressed his own experience that China can only achieve the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation by taking the road of socialism, and firmly believes that China in a hundred years will prove his point of view and that socialism will never fail China.
In 1927, Li Dazhao was framed by a reactionary warlord and was unfortunately killed. He was only 38 years old and died young. After the death of Li Dazhao and many other patriotic Communists, communist ideas did not disappear. Instead, like weeds burned by fire in the spring breeze, one piece was burned and one piece grew again, and the cycle became more and more prosperous.
In the context of the unprecedented social crisis of the Chinese nation’s internal and external troubles, generations of people with lofty ideals have emerged in China, one by one young people with advanced ideas. To save the country and strive to become stronger, they have given their young lives without hesitation. . The birth of the Communist Party in China was a great event that broke the world. This profoundly changed the destiny and direction of the Chinese nation and the Chinese people, and even affected the world structure.
The birth of the Communist Party of China is the inevitable result of the choice of modern Chinese history. With the Communist Party, the Chinese people began to become prosperous, strong and democratic, and the people have a great journey of happiness. The long live the Communist Party of China in the mouth of the revolutionary martyrs will always be the enthusiastic expectation of every son and daughter of China. And firm conviction.