Across the Yalu River 跨过鸭绿江 Episode 1 Recap
On March 4, 1950, Chairman Mao Zedong of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and his party returned to Beijing after a 79-day visit and inspection to the Soviet Socialist Republic and all parts of Northeast China. During this visit, Mao Zedong signed the “Sino-Soviet Friendship, Alliance and Mutual Assistance Treaty” and other related agreements with Soviet leaders in light of the international situation after the founding of New China.
Mao Zedong was sitting on the special train smoking a cigarette and looking at the People’s Daily. The cook Xiao Lizi pushed in authentic Hunan food. Xiao Lizi claimed to be from Changsha. Mao Zedong talked with him cordially and happily ate the spicy fried fish from his hometown. It’s really a trick to praise him. Little Lizi, who was pushing the dining car, saw Zhou Enlai holding the document and hurriedly asked whether the Prime Minister had also enjoyed fire-roasted fish.
Zhou Enlai boasted that it tasted good, but to him it was a bit spicy. Entering the carriage and looking at the swept away food, Zhou Enlai said with a smile that the food was more delicious than the state banquet in the Kremlin, and Mao Zedong also felt that he had left Beijing for more than three months and finally had a full meal today.
The content of the document is the material of the Politburo meeting the day after tomorrow. The signing of the Sino-Soviet Friendship Treaty created a good external environment for New China to recuperate and develop its economy, and it also added a good helper to New China. New oil fields were discovered in Yumen, and the output doubled.
General Peng, who was immediately engaged in economic construction, was also a strong general. Mao Zedong proposed to convene a Politburo meeting when he returned to Beijing to gather the wisdom of the entire party, the army and the people of the whole country to discuss and formulate the main tasks of the new China under the current situation.
Chiang Kai-shek and his son Jiang Jingguo sat in the church, discussing Mao Zedong’s signing of a Sino-Soviet friendship agreement. New China is like a tiger, and Mao Zedong will never tolerate Truman’s interference in the mainland.
Chiang Ching-kuo analyzed that the signing of the Sino-Soviet friendship agreement undermined Truman’s plan. The policy on the situation in the Far East is developing in a direction that is beneficial to the KMT. Perhaps this is their opportunity to counterattack the mainland. However, the Kuomintang must not sit idly while watching the changes.
Chiang Kai-shek admonished his son not to worry, the trust based on interests is always weak, Stalin may not really believe in Mao Zedong. If the Soviet Union did not provide support for the Chinese Communist Army with its air force and navy, Mao Zedong’s dream of attacking Taiwan would not be realized. So will Stalin’s warship enter the Taiwan Strait? This has become a heart disease in Chiang Kai-shek’s heart.
U.S. Secretary of State Acheson came to Truman, and when he saw the news in the newspaper, Truman was angry with Mao Zedong and chose to lean to one side. Their statement did not play any role. The Chinese and Soviet hands had a major impact on the Golden Triangle established by the United States in the Far East. Truman knew that it was time to reconsider the international strategy. He requested an immediate meeting and personally notified General Mike Arthur, who had been stationed in Asia, to attend the meeting.
Peng Dehuai wore glasses and wrote materials under the dim light, and his wife Pu Anxiu put on a military coat to keep him out of the cold. At the immediate Politburo meeting, he needs to report on plans for economic development in the Northwest. The wife said that the implantation was too hard and she was not used to sleeping. Peng Dehuai pinched her shoulders and apologized for neglecting to take care of her. His wife reminded him to remember those nephews when he went to Beijing. They fought for so many years, and they were just for these children.
Mao Anying rode a bicycle to Fengzeyuan to meet his father. During the factory holiday, he wanted to go back to Itakura to scan his mother’s grave to inform him of his marriage. He also wanted to go back to his hometown in Hunan to visit the fathers and villagers who had protected their family. Mao Zedong also wanted to go back, but he was really busy with official duties.
Mao Anying mentioned that he would inspect Hunan’s land reform together. Not long ago, Mao Zedong learned that there was a food shortage in Hunan’s departmental area and asked his son to investigate it. He also asked his son to be polite to his fellow villagers, taught him the pronunciation of the Hunanese appellation, and repeatedly told him not to put on airs to respect the old and the virtuous.
The chiefs in the Yi Nian Hall gathered together, and the main contradiction in New China is the issue of economic construction. Chen Yun, vice premier of the State Council and director of the Finance and Economics Committee, predicts that there will be no large-scale wars in the future. It is possible to consider the demobilization and demobilization of troops and part of them to invest in production and construction.
Mao Zedong very much agreed with his statement that it is necessary to resolve the contradiction between the military and the economy. The United States must deal with Europe and Asia at the same time, even if it has to fight the existing four million troops. Peng Dehuai supports this initiative.
The economic plan has not yet been discussed. However, we must solve ourselves by dressing, eating and lighting. If it is not resolved, industrialization will not be possible. The northwest now urgently needs to build railways and dig oil fields. Mao Zedong proposed that walking on two legs is indispensable, and liberating Tibet, Hainan and Taiwan is the last step of the new democratic revolution. Lin Biao received a signal from the chairman to report the situation of the Fourth Field Army’s cross-sea operation to liberate Hainan Island.
In April 1950, the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee decided to reorganize and demobilize the People’s Liberation Army from 5.5 million to 4 million. Nie Rongzhen reported good news to Mao Zedong. Our army relied on simple wooden ships to forcibly cross the Qiongzhou Strait. It broke through the Bailing line of defense in the early morning of the 17th, and the liberation of Hainan Island was just around the corner. Deng Xiaoping and Liu Bocheng sent a telegram to report that the 154th Regiment of the 52nd Division, the advance force marching into Tibet, has arrived in Ganzi. This is a double happiness.
On June 6, 1950, the Third Plenary Session of the Seventh Central Committee of the Communist Party of China was held in Beijing. At the meeting, Mao Zedong issued a written report on “Struggling for the Basic Improvement of the State’s Financial and Economic Conditions.” In the next three years, the new China will have two main tasks. The first is economic construction and the second is to liberate Taiwan.
Chiang Kai-shek looked at the opposite coast with his binoculars. Mao Zedong let out the wind to attack Taiwan. Gu Zhutong thought that there were 600,000 national troops stationed, and there was a strait between them, and the Communists could not get through. But this moat is also in Germany, not in danger. When asked about the news from the United States, Gu Zhutong sighed. They failed to negotiate with the United States several times. The other party insisted not to interfere with Taiwan’s ownership. Truman was perfidy. Chiang Kai-shek asked him to inform the troops ahead to step up their preparations for war and must not relax.
On June 25, 1950, the Korean Civil War broke out. On a rainy night, Mao Zedong smoked a cigarette and stood in front of the map. Zhou Enlai, Liu Shaoqi and Zhu De reported to him urgently. Half a month ago, North Korea issued the “Appeal on the Policy of Promoting the Peaceful Reunification of the Motherland,” suggesting that universal elections be held on the Korean Peninsula on the occasion of the fifth anniversary of North Korea’s liberation.
At the same time, it is proposed to hold meetings of representatives of North Korean political parties and people’s organizations in Haeju and Kaesong to discuss peaceful reunification, but reunification has not been reached on the Korean peninsula. Mao Zedong proposed to strengthen intelligence feedback to the United States and notify personnel to hold a meeting.
The US government is also meeting to discuss, they judged that China has agreed to intervene in North Korea, but the depth will depend on the Soviet response. Acheson will move in the Security Council and pass a resolution on armed assistance to South Korea. Bradley, chairman of the US Joint Chiefs of Staff, asked the Soviet Union if the Soviet Union could have a veto. Acheson sneered that the US government would seize the opportunity of the Soviet absence.
They would oppose New China’s replacement of Chiang Kai-shek’s position in the United Nations, and must confront the Soviet Union to the end. Acheson authorized MacArthur to deliver weapons and equipment not included in the military aid plan to South Korea. The Air Force will cover and retreat any civilians and bomb any North Korean ground forces advancing to Gimpo Airport, ordering the fleet to enter the Taiwan Strait.
The People’s Army approached Seoul. A week ago, US Secretary of State Advisor Dulles went to North Korea to visit the 38th Parallel, while Defense Secretary Johnson and Bradley went to Japan to meet MacArthur. The United States arbitrarily called the South Korean army “the hero of Asia,” but the analysis of the forces on both sides was not the case. Zhu De pointed out that the United States is likely to help South Korea counterattack, and Mao Zedong knew that the United States would definitely interfere with China and must be vigilant.
At the press conference, the reporter asked Truman why he arranged the ships to go to Taiwan, which is Chinese territory. Truman’s sophistry was to maintain world peace, which caused some discussion among the reporters present. Truman explained that this move was to protect Taiwan from being attacked, and he has also asked the Chiang Kai-shek government to stop hostile acts against the mainland. The role of the US fleet is to monitor and protect.
Only two days after the beginning of the Korean War, the US fleet set off for Taiwan. Truman threw out the theory that “Taiwan’s status is undetermined” in an attempt to split China. The President of the Kuomintang Executive Yuan Chen Cheng reported to Chiang Kai-shek that the US fleet was about to enter the Taiwan Strait. Chiang Kai-shek was gratified that the United States would still not abandon Taiwan.
Liu Shaoqi blamed the imperialists for their interests and credulity behavior, and Zhu De was even more comical about Truman’s statement of sending troops to prevent conflict between the two sides. Mao Zedong laughed and said that the United States is full of democracy but it is a gangster. The essence of imperialism is war.
Zhou Enlai came in with Wang Jiaxiang’s telegram. The Soviet Union hoped that China would strongly support North Korea, but did not mention any substantial help. MacArthur and his subordinates analyzed the situation in North Korea. The situation in South Korea is not optimistic. Their only hope is to hold the Han River as the last line of defense. Adjutant Whitney believes that the lives of American soldiers are paramount and it is best to borrow troops from Taiwan, but MacArthur still ordered the deputy to continue to request Truman for adjustment. Soldiers.
The Korean War made Northeast China the front line of national defense from the rear. The North Korean issue and the Taiwan issue are inseparable. Mao Zedong believes that the success of the Chinese revolution will affect and drive other Asian countries for a long time. Therefore, as the leader of imperialism, the United States will do its best to stop it. Conflict is inevitable. Escape is useless, Mao Zedong, Zhou Enlai and other comrades agreed to issue a statement reiterating that Taiwan is Chinese territory and rejecting US interference.
The first batch of American troops has arrived on the Korean peninsula and has manipulated the United Nations to pass the so-called “United Nations Army” plan, appointing MacArthur as commander in chief. Molotov, the first vice chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Soviet Union, reported to Stalin on the statement issued by the Chinese side.
The United States took advantage of the absence of the Soviet Union in the United Nations Conference and passed Resolution 84 on Assistance to South Korea. Stalin arranged to step up the provision of weapons and equipment to North Korea in accordance with the treaty, and maintain communication with Mao Zedong on the North Korean issue at any time.
The United States controlled the United Nations and passed a resolution to give the Republic of Korea the assistance needed to repel armed attacks and restore international peace in the region. Mao Zedong pointed out that the military strategic center should be adjusted to the northeast and the northeast border defense army should be formed.
Most people in the Soviet government held a wait-and-see attitude, and they did not recommend that China set up the Northeast Frontier Defense. Stalin admired Mao Zedong’s military command very much. This action was equivalent to the establishment of a firewall before the expansion of the war. It was also meaningful for the Soviet Far East defense. Molotov should be strongly supported and asked to call Zhou Enlai immediately.
The United States has transferred the forces of two divisions, and Mao Zedong judged that the main battlefield from Daejeon to Busan will be reversed in the future. Liu Shaoqi proposed that if the Northeast Army is to be formed, the troops deployed in the Taiwan Strait must be recovered, and the Taiwan issue will become tricky if Chiang Kai-shek is slowed down.